Bufo

Mula sa Wikipediang Tagalog, ang malayang ensiklopedya
Tumalon sa: nabigasyon, hanapin
True Toads
Golden Toad (Bufo periglenes)
Kauriang pang-agham
Kaharian: Animalia
Kalapian: Chordata
Klase: Amphibia
Orden: Anura
Pamilya: Bufonidae
Sari: Bufo
Laurenti, 1768
Species

See text.

Ang Bufo ay isang malaking genus ng mga 150 espesye ng mga tunay na karag sa pamilyang ampibyanong Bufonidae. Ang Bufo ay salitang Latin para sa toad.

Espesye[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Colorado River Toad (Bufo alvarius)

Subgenus na Anaxyrus[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Naglalaman ng 22 mga espesye na matatagpuan sa Hilaga at Sentral Amerika kabilang ang American Toad, Bufo americanus (Amerikanong Karag).

Subgenus na Bufo[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Naglalaman ng 12 species. Matatagpuan sa Temperadong Eurasya at Hapon hanggang Hilagang Aprika, Gitnang Silanganan, Myanmar at Vietnam.

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo aspinius (Yang, Liu, and Rao, 1996)
Bufo bankorensis Barbour, 1908 Central Formosa Toad, Bankor Toad
Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Toad, Common European Toad
Bufo gargarizans Cantor, 1842 Chusan Island Toad, Asiatic Toad
Bufo japonicus Temminck and Schlegel, 1838 Japanese Toad
Bufo kabischi Herrmann and Kühnel, 1997
Bufo minshanicus Stejneger, 1926 Gansu Toad, Minshan Toad
Bufo tibetanus Zarevskij, 1926 Tibetan Toad
Bufo torrenticola Matsui, 1976 Honshū Toad, Japanese Stream Toad
Bufo tuberculatus Zarevskij, 1926 Qinghai Lake Toad, Round-warted Toad
Bufo verrucosissimus (Pallas, 1814) Caucasian Toad
Bufo wolongensis Herrmann & Kühnel, 1997

Group "Bufo"[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo ailaoanus Kou, 1984 Ejia Toad, Ailao Toad
Bufo arabicus Heyden, 1827 Arabian Toad
Bufo atukoralei Bogert & Senanayake, 1966 Yala Toad, Atukorale's Dwarf Toad
Bufo beddomii Günther, 1876 Beddome's Toad
Bufo brevirostris Rao, 1937 Kempholey Toad, Short-nosed Toad, Rao's Pale Brown Toad
Bufo cryptotympanicus Liu & Hu, 1962 Earless Toad
Bufo dhufarensis Parker, 1931 Oman Toad - very similar to Bufo scorteccii
Bufo dodsoni Boulenger, 1895 Dodson's Toad
Bufo hololius Günther, 1876 Malabar Toad, Gûnther's Toad
Bufo kotagamai Fernando & Dayawansa, 1994 Kotagama's Dwarf Toad
Bufo koynayensis Soman, 1963 Humbali Village Toad, Koyna Toad, Chrome-yellow Toad
Bufo mauritanicus Schlegel, 1841 Berber Toad, Pantherine Toad, Moroccan Toad
Bufo olivaceus Blanford, 1874 Olive Toad, Baluchistan Coastal Toad, Makran Toad
Bufo pageoti Bourret, 1937 Tonkin Toad
Bufo parietalis (Boulenger, 1882) Indian Toad, Ridged Toad, Timber Forest Toad
Bufo pentoni Anderson, 1893 Shaata Gardens Toad, Penton's Toad
Bufo scaber Schneider, 1799 Ferguson’s Toad
Bufo scorteccii Balletto & Cherchi, 1970 Scortecci’s Toad
Bufo silentvalleyensis Pillai, 1981 Silent Valley Toad, South Indian Hill Toad
Bufo stejnegeri Schmidt, 1931 Stejneger's Toad, Korean Toad, Water Toad
Bufo stomaticus Lütken, 1864 Assam Toad, Indus Valley Toad, Marbled Toad
Bufo stuarti Smith, 1929 Stuart’s Toad
Bufo sumatranus Peters, 1871 Sumatra Toad
Bufo tihamicus Balletto & Cherchi, 1973 Balletto's Toad
Bufo valhallae Meade-Waldo, 1909 Pulo Weh Toad

Subgenus Nannophryne[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo apolobambicus De la Riva, Ninon Ríos, and Aparicio, 2005
Bufo cophotis Boulenger, 1900 Paramo Toad
Bufo corynetes Duellman and Ochoa-M., 1991 Abra Malaga Toad
Bufo variegatus (Günther, 1870) Eden Harbour Toad

Subgenus Incilius[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Naglalaman ng 33 species.

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo alvarius Girard in Baird, 1859 Sonoran Desert Toad
Bufo aucoinae O'Neill & Mendelson, 2004
Bufo bocourti Brocchi, 1877 Bocourt's Toad
Bufo campbelli Mendelson, 1994 Campbell's Forest Toad
Bufo canaliferus Cope, 1877 Dwarf Toad
Bufo cavifrons Firschein, 1950 Mountain Toad
Bufo coccifer Cope, 1866 Southern Round-gland Toad
Bufo coniferus Cope, 1862 Evergreen Toad
Bufo cristatus Wiegmann, 1833 Large-crested Toad
Bufo cycladen Lynch & Smith, 1966 Northern Round-gland Toad
Bufo fastidiosus (Cope, 1875) Pico Blanco Toad
Bufo gemmifer Taylor, 1940 Jeweled Toad
Bufo holdridgei Taylor, 1952 Holdridge's Toad
Bufo ibarrai Stuart, 1954 Jalapa Toad
Bufo intermedius Günther, 1858 Gunther's Tropical Toad
Bufo leucomyos McCranie & Wilson, 2000
Bufo luetkenii Boulenger, 1891 Yellow Toad
Bufo macrocristatus Firschein & Smith, 1957 Large-crested Toad
Bufo marmoreus Wiegmann, 1833 Marbled Toad
Bufo mazatlanensis Taylor, 1940 Sinaloa Toad
Bufo melanochlorus Cope, 1877 Dark Green Toad
Bufo nebulifer Girard, 1854 Gulf Coast Toad
Bufo occidentalis Camerano, 1879 Pine Toad
Bufo periglenes Savage, 1967 Monte Verde Golden Toad
Bufo peripatetes Savage, 1972 Almirante Trail Toad
Bufo perplexus Taylor, 1943 Confusing Toad
Bufo pisinnus Mendelson, Williams, Sheil & Mulcahy, 2005
Bufo porteri Mendelson, Williams, Sheil & Mulcahy, 2005
Bufo signifer Mendelson, Williams, Sheil & Mulcahy, 2005
Bufo spiculatus Mendelson, 1997
Bufo tacanensis Smith, 1952 Volcan Tacana Toad
Bufo tutelarius Mendelson, 1997
Bufo valliceps Wiegmann, 1833

Subgenus Peltophryne[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo cataulaciceps Schwartz, 1959 Schwartz's Caribbean Toad
Bufo empusus (Cope, 1862) Cope's Caribbean Toad, Cuban Toad
Bufo fluviaticus Schwartz, 1972 Dominican Caribbean Toad
Bufo fractus Schwartz, 1972
Bufo fustiger Schwartz, 1960
Bufo guentheri Cochran, 1941 Gunther's Caribbean Toad
Bufo gundlachi Ruibal, 1959 Gundlach's Caribbean Toad
Bufo lemur (Cope, 1869) Lowland Caribbean Toad
Bufo longinasus Stejneger, 1905 Stejneger's Caribbean Toad
Bufo peltocephalus Tschudi, 1838 Tschudi's Caribbean Toad
Bufo taladai Schwartz, 1960 Cuban Caribbean Toad

Subgenus Phrynoidis[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo asper Gravenhorst, 1829 Malayan Giant Toad
Bufo juxtasper Inger, 1964 Giant River Toad

Subgenus Poyntonophrynus[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo beiranus Loveridge, 1932 Beira's Toad
Bufo damaranus Mertens, 1954
Bufo dombensis Bocage, 1895 Dombe Toad
Bufo fenoulheti Hewitt & Methuen, 1912 Transvaal Dwarf Toad
Bufo grandisonae Poynton & Haacke, 1993 Mossamedes Toad, Grandison's Toad
Bufo hoeschi Ahl, 1934 Okahandja Toad, Hoesch's Toad
Bufo kavangensis Poynton & Broadley, 1988 Khwai River Toad, Kavanga Toad
Bufo lughensis Loveridge, 1932 Lugh Toad
Bufo parkeri Loveridge, 1932 Parker's Toad
Bufo vertebralis Smith, 1848 African Dwarf Toad, Pygmy Toad

Subgenus Epidalea[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo calamita Laurenti, 1768 Natterjack

Subgenus Pseudepidalea[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo balearicus Boettger, 1880
Bufo baturae Stoeck, Schmid, Steinlein & Grosse, 1999 Batura Toad
Bufo boulengeri Lataste, 1879
Bufo brongersmai Hoogmoed, 1972 Tiznit Toad
Bufo latastii Boulenger, 1882 Ladakh Toad, Lataste's Toad
Bufo luristanicus Schmidt, 1952
Bufo oblongus Nikolskii, 1896 Danata Toad, Middle Asiatic Toad
Bufo pewzowi Bedriaga, 1898
Bufo pseudoraddei Mertens, 1971 Swat Green Toad
Bufo raddei Strauch, 1876 Tengger Desert Toad, Radde's Toad
Bufo siculus Stoeck, Sicilia et al. 2008 Sicilian Green Toad,
Bufo surdus Boulenger, 1891 Pakistan Toad, Iranian Toad
Bufo turanensis Hemmer, Schmidtler & Böhme, 1978
Bufo variabilis Pallas, 1769
Bufo viridis Laurenti, 1768 European Green Toad
Bufo zamdaensis Fei, Ye, and Huang in Fei, Ye, Huang & Chen, 1999
Bufo zugmayeri Eiselt & Schmidtler, 1973

Subgenus Rhaebo[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo anderssoni Melin, 1941 Andersson's Toad
Bufo blombergi Myers & Funkhouser, 1951 Colombian Giant Toad, Blomberg's Toad
Bufo caeruleostictus Günther, 1859
Bufo glaberrimus Günther, 1869 Cundinamarca Toad
Bufo guttatus Schneider, 1799 Spotted Toad, Smooth-sided Toad
Bufo haematiticus Cope, 1862 Truando Toad
Bufo hypomelas Boulenger, 1913 Choco Toad
Bufo nasicus Werner, 1903 Werner's Toad

Subgenus Vandijkophrynus[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Bufo amatolicus Hewitt, 1925 Amatola Toad
Bufo angusticeps Smith, 1848 Sand Toad, Common Cape Toad
Bufo gariepensis Smith, 1848 Karroo Toad, Gariep Toad
Bufo inyangae Poynton, 1963 Inyanga Toad
Bufo robinsoni Branch & Braacke, 1996 Paradise Toad