Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 2012

Mula sa Wikipediang Tagalog, ang malayang ensiklopedya
Tumalon sa: nabigasyon, hanapin
Palaro ng Ika-XXX Olimpiyada
Opisyal na Logo ng Palarong Olimpiko 2012

Live as One
Manindigan sa Isa

Ito ang malinaw na bersyon ng opisyal na logo.
May apat na opisyal na baseng kulay, at isa pang bersyon
para sa Palarong Paralimpiko sa Tag-init 2012.
Para sa mga detalya, tingnan ang bahagi ng "Logo" sa ibaba.

Punung-abalang lungsod Londres, Nagkakaisang Kaharian
Mga bansang kalahok 204
Mga manlalarong kalahok 10,500 (tantiya)
Mga kaganapan 300 sa 26 na palakasan
Seremonya ng pagbubukas Hulyo 27
Seremonya ng pagtatapos Agosto 12
Opisyal na sisimulan ni Reyna Elizabeth II
Panunumpa ng Manlalaro Sarah Stevenson
Panunumpa ng Hukom Mik Basi
Olimpikong Sulo
  • Callum Airlie
  • Jordan Duckitt
  • Desiree Henry
  • Katie Kirk
  • Cameron MacRitchie
  • Aidan Reynolds
  • Adelle Tracey
  • Austin Playfoot (relight)[1]
Estadyo Estadyong Olimpiko

Ang Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 2012, na kinikilala nang opisyal bilang Palaro ng Ika-XXX Olimpiyada, ay karampatang ipagdiriwang sa Londres mula 27 Hulyo hanggang 12 Agosto 2012.[2]

Pagkatapos ng botohan na pinamunuan ng dating kampyon sa Olimpiks na si Sebastian Coe at ang magiging Punong-lungsod ng London na si Ken Livingstone, napili ang London bilang punong abalang lungsod noong Hulyo, 6, 2005 habang ginaganap ang ika-117 na pagpupulong ng Pandaigdigang Lupong Olimpiko (IOC) sa Singgapur, na kung saan ay tinalo nila ang Moscow, Lungsod ng Bagong York, Madrid at Paris.[3] Ang Londres ay ang kauna-unahang lungsod na opisyal na magiging punong abala sa makabagong Larong Olimpiko nang tatlong beses,[4][5] na dati na nilang nagawa noong 1908 at 1948.[6][7]

Nilalaman ng konstruksiyon para sa paghahanda sa laro ang muling pagbabago, partikular sa tema ng sustenabilidad.[8] Ang panibagong pokus nito ay ang bagong Liwasang Olimpiko na may sukat na 200 hectares (490 acres), na kung saan ay itinayo sa dating industriyal na lugar sa Stratford, Silangang Londres.[9] Gagamitin din ang mga lugar ng pagdadausan na kung saan ay nakatayo na bago pa lamang ang botohan.[10]

Ang proseso ng anyaya[baguhin]

Logo na ginamit para sa proseso ng pag-anyaya at hanggang Ika-4 na Hunyo 2007
Bandera ng Olimpikong Londres 2012 sa Ang Bantayog sa Londres.

Dahil sa huling pagpasa ng anyaya ng 15 Hulyo 2003, nakapagpasa ng mga siyam na lungsod na maging punong-abala Olimpikong 2012. Ang mga lungsod ay Habana, Istanbul, Leipzig, Londres, Madrid, Moskow, Bagong York, Paris at Rio de Janeiro.[11]

Noong 18 Mayo 2004, binawasan ng Pandaigdigang Lupong Olimpiko, bilang resulta ng nakapuntong pagsususuring teknikal, ang bilang ng mga lungsod sa lima: Londres, Madrid, Moskow, Bagong York, at Paris.[12]

Noong 6 Hulyo 2005, ipinahayag ang huling pagpipili sa Raffles City Convention Centre sa Singgapur, kung saan ginanap ang Ika-117 Pagpupulong ng Pandaigdigang Lupong Olimpiko. Naroon si Tony Blair, ang noong Punong Ministro ng Nagkakaisang Kaharian, na ang pinuno lamang ng mga limang bansa ng mga kandidatong lungsod na nagsikap na maimpluwenisyahan ang pasiya ng mga mambabatas (naroon din siya bilang natatangi na dumalo sa Palarong Olimpiko 2004).[13] Ang Moscow ay ang unang lungsod na inalis, kasunod ang mga lungsod ng Bagong York at Madrid. Ang huling dalawang lungsod sa laban ay ang Londres at Paris. Sa katapusan ng ikaapat na yugto ng paghahalal, nanalo ang Londres ng maging punong-abala ng Palarong 2012 na may 54 na boto, na tinalo ang Paris na may 50 boto. Isinisi ng mga iba't ibang publikasyong Pranses ang pagkatalo ng Paris batay sa pahayag ng Pranses na Pangulong Jacques Chirac bago ang halalan na "Hindi natin ipagkakatiwalaan [mga Britaniko] na may ilang sirang pagkain. Pagkatapos ng Pinlandiya, ang bansang ito ay may pinakamasamang pagkain."[14] Ang dalawang kasalukuyang kasapi ng Pandaigdigang Lupong Olimpiko ay mula sa Pinlandiya. Tinukoy ng mga maraming ibang pinagkunan ng balita ang panimdim ni Bertrand Delanoë tungkol sa mga palihim na pagpupulong sa tanghaling-gabi ni Tony Blair sa mga maraming (mga Aprikano) kinatawan ng IOC bilang pagkakaroon ng maraming makatuturang pingkian sa huling boto.[15] Habang inuulat ang pagkapanalo ng Londres, isinaklaw ng mga taga-mediyang Britaniko ang mga umaasam na madla sa Pransiya at Ingglatera (at ang mga ibang nag-anyayang lungsod), at naghambing ang mapagbunying gantimbisa sa Londres sa gantimbisa ng mga madla sa Paris, kung saan ang marami ay nagtipon na inaasahan ang kanilang pagkapanalo.[16][17][18] Gayumpaman, ang mga pagdiriwang sa Londres ay nalambungan nang nadaluhong ang sistemang pansasakyan ng Londres na hindi humigit sa 24 na oras pagkatapos ng pahayag.[19]

Mga resulta ng anyaya para sa Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 2012
Lungsod NOC Unang Yugto Ika-2 Yugto Ika-3 Yugto Ika-4 na Yugto
Londres Flag of the United Kingdom Gran Britanya 22 27 39 54
Paris Watawat ng Pransiya Pransiya 21 25 33 50
Madrid Watawat ng Spain Espanya 20 32 31 -
Lungsod ng Bagong York Flag of the United States Estados Unidos 19 16 - -
Moscow Watawat ng Rusya Rusya 15 - - -

Mga sagisag[baguhin]

[baguhin]

May dalawang logo ang Londres 2012: isa para sa proseso ng pag-aanyaya na nilikha ng Kino Design, at ang pangalawa bilang tatak para sa Palaro mismo. Ang huling labas na logo, na dinisenyo ng Wolff Olins, ay inilantad noong 4 Hunyo 2007 sa halagang £400,000.[20] Ang bagong logong ito ay isang representasyon ng bilang 2012, na may Mga Olimpikong Singsing na nakatimo sa loob ng sero.[21] Ang logo ay nakadisenyo sa mga iba't ibang kulay.

Ito ang unang pagkakataon na ang magkatulad na ganap na logo ay gagamitin para sa mga palarong Olimpiko at Paralimpiko.[22]

Ang logo ay ang una sa paggamit sa mga iba't ibang kulay sa kasaysayan ng Olimpiko. Ang mga pamantayang kulay ay luntian, madyenta, kahel at bughaw; gayumpaman ang logo ay dapat isinakatawan sa pagkakasamu't-sari ng mga kulay, kabilang ang Watawat ng Unyon upang isulong ang seremonya ng paglilipat.[23]. Ang pagkalubay ng logo ay nabibigyan din ng mga pagkakataon ng mga nagtataguyod na maisakatawan ng kanilang mga korporadong kulay sa bersyong pansarili, tulad ng Lloyds TSB,[24] British Airways[25] at Adidas.[26]

Ang Paralimpikong logo (malayong kaliwa) at mga iba't ibang opisyal na pinagsamang kulay para sa pangunahing disenyo ng logo ng Wolff Olins.


Laro[baguhin]

Mga kasali[baguhin]

300pxBilang ng mga kalahok bawat bansa
██ 300+ ██ 100+ ██ 30+ ██ 10+ ██ 4+ ██ 1+

Humigit kumulang 10,500 atleta mula sa 204 na Pambansang Lupong Olimpiko (NOC) na inaasahang sasali,[27] na kung saan ay hihigit kaysa Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 1948 sa London at Palarong Komonwelt 2002 sa Manchester bilang pinakamalaking palarong palakasan na naganap sa Nagkakaisang Kaharian.[28]

Sumali nang malaya ang tatlong atleta mula sa Lupong Olimpiko ng Antilyang Olandes, na kung saan binawi nito ang pagkakasapi sa Lupong Tagapagpaganap ng IOC sa pagpululong nito noong Hunyo 2011 at isa mula sa Timog Sudan, na kung saan ay wala pang kinikilalang NOC, sa ilalim ng Watawat Olimpiko.[29]

Mga kasaling NOC

Naaayos batay sa bilang ng mga manlalaro[baguhin]

Palakasan[baguhin]

Mayroong itinatampok na 26 na palakasan at kabuuang 39 na disiplina ang Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 2012:

Atletika (47)
Badminton (5)
Balibol

  • Panloob (2)
  • Pamanda (2)

Basketbol (2)
Boksing (13)
Diyudo (14)
Eskrima (10)
Himnastika

  • Makasining (14)
  • Maindayog (2)
  • Trampolina (2)

Kamayang-bola (2)
Kampuhang hockey (2)
Mga larong pantubig

Makabagong pentathlon (2)
Pagbubuno (15)

  • Malayang-estilo (11)
  • Griyego-Romano (7)

Pagbuhat ng mga pabigat (15)

Pagsasagwan (14)
Paglalayag (10)
Paglulunday

  • Sprint (12)
  • Slalom (4)

Pamamana (4)
Pamamaril (15)
Pamimisikleta

  • BMX (2)
  • Pamimisikletang pambundok (2)
  • Pamimisikleta sa daan (4)
  • Pamimisikleta sa landas (10)

Pangangabayo

  • Pagmamando (2)
  • Pagdadanas (2)
  • Pagtalon (2)

Pingpong (4)
Putbol (2)
Taekwondo (8)
Tenis (5)
Triyatlon (2)

Sa unang pagkakataon, isinama sa programa ang boksing para sa mga babae, na may 36 na atletang kalahok sa tatlong magkakaibang antas ng bigat. Mayroong espesyal na dispensasyon para payagan ang ilang pangyayari sa pamamaril, kung saan ay magiging ilegal sa ilalim ng Batas Pambaril sa NK.[237][238] Sa Tenis, ibinalik muli ang magkahalong dalawahan sa programang Olimpiko sa unang pagkakataon simula noong 1924.[239]

Itinampok ng Londres ang 28 palakasan, na kahanay lamang ng kakatapos lamang na Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init, subalit tinanggal ng beysbol at sopbol mula sa Larong 2012 dalawang araw lamang pagkatapos mapili ang London bilang punong-abala. Sinuportahan ng IOC ang kanilang desisyon na tanggalin ang parehang palakasan habang nagaganap ang Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-lamig 2006, pagkatapos mawala ang boto ng rekonsiderasyon, at huling nakatadhana sa Palarong Olimpiko 2008.[240] Pagkatapos ng desisyon na tanggalin ang dalawang palakasan, nagkaroon ng botohan ang IOC kung dapat palitan ang mga palakasang ito o hindi. Kinonsidera ang karate, squash, golf, roller sports at rugby sevens bilang mga pamalit. Ang Karate at squash ang dalawang huling dalawang laro, nguniy parehas itong hindi nakakuha ng sapat na boto para umabot sa kinakailangang dalawat-kapat na pangkalahatan.[240]

Kahit na tinanggal na ang mga palakasang demonstrasyon pagkatapos ng Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 1992,[241] may mga espesyal na patimpalak para sa mga hindi olimpikong palakasan na maaaring ganapin habang isinasagawa ang laro, tulad na lamang ng Patimpalak sa Wushu sa Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 2008.[242] Mayroong ilang pagtatangka na magkaroon ng Twenty20 cricket,[242] at palakasan sa netball[243] na kasabay lamang sa Larong 2012, subalit hindi ito naging matagumpay.

Kalendaryo[baguhin]

Silipin din: Sunod-sunod na buod ng Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init 2012

Inilabas ang huling opisyal na gagawin sa palaro noong 15 Pebrero 2011.[244]

SB Seremonya ng pagbubukas Kaganapan ng mga tunggali 1 Huling bahagi ng mga kaganapan ST Seremonya ng pagtatapos
Hulyo / Agosto 25
Miy
26
Huw
27
Biy
28
Sab
29
Ling
30
Lun
31
Mar
1
Miy
2
Huw
3
Biy
4
Sab
5
Ling
6
Lun
7
Mar
8
Miy
9
Huw
10
Biy
11
Sab
12
Ling
Kaganapan
Kaganapan SB ST
Pamamana 1 1 1 1 4
Atletika 2 6 6 5 4 4 5 6 8 1 47
Badminton 1 2 2 5
Basketbol 1 1 2
Boksing 3 5 5 13
Paglulunday 1 1 2 4 4 4 16
Pamimisikleta 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 18
Pagtalong-sisid 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Pangangabayo 2 1 1 1 1 6
Eskrima 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10
Kampuhang-Haki 1 1 2
Putbol 1 1 2
Himnastika 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 4 1 1 18
Kamayang-bola 1 1 2
Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 14
Makabagong pentatlon 1 1 2
Pagsasagwan 3 3 4 4 14
Paglalayag 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 10
Pamamaril 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 15
Paglalangoy 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 34
Sabayang paglalangoy 1 1 2
Pingpong 1 1 1 1 4
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tenis 2 3 5
Triyatlon 1 1 2
Bolibol 1 1 1 1 4
Polong pantubig 1 1 2
Pagbubuhat ng mga pabigat 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 15
Pagbubuno 2 3 2 2 2 2 3 2 18
Kabuuang kaganapan 12 14 12 15 20 18 22 25 23 18 21 16 23 16 32 15 302
Kabuuang bilang ng mga
gintong medalya
12 26 38 53 73 91 113 138 161 179 200 216 239 255 287 302
Hulyo / Agosto 25
Miy
26
Huw
27
Biy
28
Sab
29
Ling
30
Lun
31
Mar
1
Miy
2
Huw
3
Biy
4
Sab
5
Ling
6
Lun
7
Mar
8
Miy
9
Huw
10
Biy
11
Sab
12
Ling
Kaganapan

Bilang ng medalya[baguhin]

 Pos.  Bansa Ginto Pilak Tanso Kabuuan
1 Estados Unidos Estados Unidos (USA) 46 29 29 104
2 Republikang Popular ng Tsina Republikang Popular ng Tsina (CHN) 38 27 23 88
3 Gran Britanya Gran Britanya (GBR)* 29 17 19 65
4 Rusya Rusya (RUS) 24 26 32 82
5 Timog Korea Timog Korea (KOR) 13 8 7 28
6 Alemanya Alemanya (GER) 11 19 14 46
7 Pransiya Pransiya (FRA) 11 11 12 34
8 Italya Italya (ITA) 8 9 11 28
9 Unggarya Unggarya (HUN) 8 4 5 17
10 Australya Australya (AUS) 7 16 12 35
Kabuuan (85 PLO) 302 304 356 962
Key
* Tinutukoy ang punong-abala (Great Britain)

Silipin din[baguhin]

Mga sanggunian[baguhin]

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  54. "Bosnia and Herzegovina – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/V7CL. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  55. "Botswana – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/TOSg. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  56. "Brazil – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/w5PE. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  57. "Virgin Islands, British – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/ITMq. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  58. "Brunei Darussalam – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/X8k4. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  59. "Bulgaria – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/OfS8. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  60. "Burkina Faso – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/7lIf. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  61. "Burundi – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/c2VB. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  62. "Cambodia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/zPhM. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  63. "Cameroon – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/6IUe. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  64. "Canada – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/Sj2H. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  65. "Cape Verde – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/2JXN. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  66. "Cayman Islands – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/lpi3. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  67. "Central African Republic – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/OD4z. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  68. "Chad – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/ga3J. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  69. "Chile – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/jawL. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  70. "People's Republic of China – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/lI65. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  71. "Colombia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/GL3t. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  72. "Comoros – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/UIty. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  73. "Congo – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/f6uU. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  74. "Democratic Republic of the Congo – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/CeoX. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  75. "Cook Islands – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/nVvf. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  76. "Costa Rica – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/yksy. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  77. "Ivory Coast – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/KcKI. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  78. "Croatia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/D75W. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  79. "Cuba – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/ldUF. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  80. "Cyprus – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/Ug7X. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  81. "Czech Republic – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/Jdo2. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  82. "Denmark – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/aFqw. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  83. "Djibouti – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/jIfn. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  84. "Dominica – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/9hov. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  85. "Dominican Republic – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/zGAF. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  86. "Ecuador – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/3vha. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  87. "Egypt – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/aYzU. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  88. "El Salvador – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/5QrO. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  89. "Equatorial Guinea – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/ggD2. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  90. "Eritrea – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/txTZ. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  91. "Estonia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/M3EH. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  92. "Ethiopia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/RYm7. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  93. "Fiji – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/A5Xj. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  94. "Finland – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/RT7r. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  95. "France – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/PBdc. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  96. "Gabon – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/xLbS. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  97. "Gambia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/0KB8. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  98. "Georgia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/6ir3. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  99. "Germany – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/kif4. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  100. "Ghana – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/sL9p. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  101. "Great Britain – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/4Ss7. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  102. "Greece – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/wvtN. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  103. "Grenada – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/TLTw. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  104. "Guam – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/YKId. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  105. "Guatemala – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/6gs7. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  106. "Guinea – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/U4da. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  107. "Guinea-Bissau – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/d2Ry. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  108. "Guyana – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/lusu. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  109. "Haiti – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/gR1I. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  110. "Honduras – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/gyhn. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  111. "Hong Kong, China – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/GTYd. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  112. "Hungary – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/D4R5. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  113. "Iceland – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/OE11. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  114. "Independent Olympic Athletes – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/GpgH. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  115. "IOC Executive Board meets ahead of London Games". Olympic.org. http://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-executive-board-meets-ahead-of-london-games/168640. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  116. "India – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/6Mzi. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  117. "Indonesia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/E89q. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  118. "Islamic Republic of Iran – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/VOu3. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  119. "Iraq – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/O9Nz. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  120. "Ireland – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/4IIQ. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  121. "Israel – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/IOxh. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  122. Originally Israel had 38 participating athletes but it reduced after swimmer Jonatan Kopelev which qualified for the Olympics had to cancel his participation after removal of his appendix two weeks before the Olympics.
  123. "Italy – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/n0Ko. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  124. "Jamaica – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/lIfl. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  125. "Japan – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/hI5t. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  126. "Jordan – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/JyeT. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  127. "Kazakhstan – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/6KFJ. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  128. "Kenya – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/fpEj. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  129. "Kiribati – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/MRmd. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  130. "Democratic People's Republic of Korea – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/Wgjx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  131. "Republic of Korea – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/cMIB. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  132. "IOC: Kuwait to compete under own flag at Olympics". 15 Hulyo 2012. http://www.mercurynews.com/sports-headlines/ci_21080868/ioc-kuwait-compete-under-own-flag-at-olympics. Hinango noong 23 Hulyo 2012. 
  133. "Kyrgyzstan – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/HV6S. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  134. "Lao People's Democratic Republic – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/rYSM. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  135. "Latvia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/ets8. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  136. "Lebanon – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/VVFr. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  137. "Lesotho – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/6nJy. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  138. "Liberia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/m53A. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  139. "Libya – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/bfV7. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  140. "Liechtenstein – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/drxU. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  141. "Lithuania – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/njfP. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  142. "Luxembourg – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-04. https://archive.is/w3b4. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  143. "Former Rep. of Macedonia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. Archived from the original noong 2012-12-05. https://archive.is/7hAi. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  144. "Madagascar – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=madagascar/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  145. "Malawi – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=malawi/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  146. "Malaysia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=malaysia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  147. "Maldives – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=maldives/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  148. "Mali – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=mali/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  149. "Malta – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=malta/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  150. "Marshall Islands – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=marshall-islands/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  151. "Mauritania – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=mauritania/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  152. "Mauritius – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=mauritius/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  153. "Mexico – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=mexico/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  154. "Federated States of Micronesia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=micronesia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  155. "Republic of Moldova – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=moldova/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  156. "Monaco – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=monaco/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  157. "Mongolia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=mongolia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  158. "Montenegro – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=montenegro/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  159. "Morocco – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=morocco/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  160. "Mozambique – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=mozambique/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  161. "Myanmar – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=myanmar/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  162. "Namibia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=namibia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  163. "Nauru – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=nauru/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  164. "Nepal – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=nepal/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  165. "Netherlands – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=netherlands/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  166. "New Zealand – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=new-zealand/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  167. "Nicaragua – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=nicaragua/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  168. "Niger – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=niger/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  169. "Nigeria – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=nigeria/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  170. "Norway – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=norway/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  171. "Oman – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=oman/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  172. "Pakistan – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=pakistan/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  173. "Palau – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=palau/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  174. "Palestine – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=palestine/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  175. "Panama – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=panama/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  176. "Papua New Guinea – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=papua-new-guinea/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  177. "Paraguay – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=paraguay/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  178. "Peru – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=peru/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  179. "Philippines – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=philippines/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  180. "Poland – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=poland/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  181. "Portugal – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=portugal/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  182. "Puerto Rico – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=puerto-rico/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  183. "Qatar – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=qatar/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  184. "Romania – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=romania/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  185. "Russian Federation – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=russia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  186. "Rwanda – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=rwanda/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  187. "Saint Kitts and Nevis – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=saint-kitts-and-nevis/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  188. "Saint Lucia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=saint-lucia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  189. "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=stv-and-grenadines/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  190. "Samoa – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=samoa/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  191. "San Marino – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=san-marino/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  192. "Sao Tome and Principe – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=sao-tome-and-principe/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  193. "Saudi Arabia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=saudi-arabia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  194. "Senegal – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=senegal/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  195. "Serbia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=serbia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  196. "Seychelles – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=seychelles/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  197. "Sierra Leone – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=sierra-leone/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  198. "Singapore – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=singapore/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  199. "Slovakia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=slovakia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  200. "Slovenia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=slovenia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  201. "Solomon Islands – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=solomon-islands/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  202. "Somalia – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=somalia/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  203. "South Africa – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=south-africa/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  204. "Spain – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=spain/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  205. "Sri Lanka – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=sri-lanka/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  206. "Sudan – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=sudan/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
  207. "Suriname – 2012 Olympic Athletes". London 2012. http://www.london2012.com/athletes/country=suriname/index.htmx. Hinango noong 21 Hulyo 2012. 
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Mga panlabas na kawing[baguhin]

Sinundan:
Beijing
Palarong Olimpiko sa Tag-init
Punong-abalang Lungsod

Olimpiyadang XXX (2012)
Susunod:
Rio de Janeiro