Jean Piaget

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Jean Piaget
Piaget at the University of Michigan, c. 1968
KapanganakanJean William Fritz Piaget
9 Agosto 1896(1896-08-09)
Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Kamatayan16 Setyembre 1980 (edad 84)
Geneva, Switzerland
LaranganDevelopmental psychology, epistemology
Alma materUniversity of Neuchâtel
Kinikilala dahil saConstructivism, genetic epistemology, theory of cognitive development, object permanence, egocentrism
(Mga) naimpluwensiyahanImmanuel Kant, Henri Bergson,[1] Pierre Janet, Alfred Binet, Théodore Simon, Sabina Spielrein, James Mark Baldwin[2]
(Mga) nakaimpluwensiyaRabbi Shlomo Wolbe, Bärbel Inhelder,[3][4] Jerome Bruner,[5] Kenneth Kaye,[kailangan ng sanggunian] Lawrence Kohlberg,[6] Robert Kegan,[7] Howard Gardner,[8] Thomas Kuhn,[9] Seymour Papert,[10] Lev Vygotsky,[11][12] Jordan Peterson, John Flavell

Si Jean Piaget (Pranses: [ʒɑ̃ pjaʒɛ]; 9 Agosto 1896 – 16 Setyembre 1980) ay isang Swiss na sikologo (psychologist) na kilala para sa kanyang pag-aaral sa pag-unlad ng bata. Ang Piaget's theory of cognitive development at ang epistemolohikong pananaw ay magkasamang tinatawag na "genetic epistemology".

Binigyan ng malaking kahalagahan ni Piaget ang edukasyon kabataan. Bilang direktor ng International Bureau of Education, ipinahayag niya noong 1934 na "tanging edukasyon ay may kakayahang makaligtas sa ating lipunan sa posibleng pagguho, kung marahas, o unti-unti."[13] Ang kanyang mga teorya sa pag-unlad ng kabataan ay pinag-aaralan sa pre-service education programs. Ipinagpatuloy ng mga edukador na isama ang constructivist-based na diskarte.

Nilikha ni Piaget ang International Center for sa Genetic Epistemology sa Geneva noong 1955 habang sa isa siya sa faculty ng University of Geneva at naging direktor ng Center hanggang sa kanyang kamatayan noong 1980.[14] Dahil sa dami ng collaboration sa pagkakapundar nito, at ang kanilang mga epekto, ang naging dahilan sa pagtukoy ng mga lathain na ang Center ay "pabrika ni Piaget".[15]

Ayon sa Ernst von Glasersfeld, si Jean Piaget ang "ang dakilang tagapanguna ng constructivist theory of knowing."[16] Gayunpaman, ang kanyang mga idea ay hindi naging tanyag hanggang dekada 1960.[17] Ito ay humantong sa paglitaw ng mga pag-aaral ng pag-unlad bilang isang pangunahing sub-disiplina sa sikolohiya.[18] Sa dulo ng ika-20 siglo, si Piaget ay pangalawa lamang kay B. F. Skinner bilang ang pinaka-binanggit psychologist ng panahong iyon.[19]

Mga tala[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. Pass, Susan (2004) Parallel Paths to Constructivism: Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, Information Age Publishing. p. 74. ISBN 1593111452
  2. Piaget, J. (1982). Reflections on Baldwin [interview with J. J. Vonèche]. In J. M. Broughton & D. J. Freeman-Moir (Eds.), The cognitive developmental psychology of James Mark Baldwin. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. pp. 80–86. ISBN 0893910430
  3. Inhelder, B. (1989). Bärbel Inhelder [Autobiography] (H. Sinclair & M. Sinclair, Trans.). In G. Lindzey (Ed.), A History of Psychology in Autobiography. Vol. VIII. pp. 208–243. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  4. Tryphon, A., & Vonèche, J. J. (Eds.). (2001). Working with Piaget: Essays in honour of Bärbel Inhelder. Hove, East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press.
  5. Bruner, J. S. (1983). In search of mind: Essays in autobiography. New York: Harper & Row.
  6. Kohlberg, L. (1982). "Moral development". In J. M. Broughton & D. J. Freeman-Moir (Eds.), The cognitive developmental psychology of James Mark Baldwin: Current theory and research in genetic epistemology. pp. 277–325. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. ISBN 0893910430
  7. Kegan, Robert (1994). In Over Our Heads. Cambridge, MA: Harvasrd University Press. p. 29. ISBN 9780674445888
  8. Gardner, H. (2008). "Wrestling with Jean Piaget, my paragon. What have you changed your mind about?". http://www.edge.org/q2008/q08_1.html#gardner. Hinango noong 2016-10-17. 
  9. Burman, J. T. (2007). "Piaget no "remedy" for Kuhn, but the two should be read together: Comment on Tsou's "Piaget vs. Kuhn on scientific progress"". Theory & Psychology 17 (5): 721–732. doi:10.1177/0959354307079306. 
  10. Papert, S (March 29, 1999). "Child Psychologist: Jean Piaget". Time 153: 104–107. 
  11. Piaget, J (1979). "Comments on Vygotsky's critical remarks". Archives de Psychologie 47 (183): 237–249. http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1982-23321-001. 
  12. Piaget, J (2000). "Commentary on Vygotsky's criticisms of Language and Thought of the Child and Judgement and Reasoning in the Child (L. Smith, Trans.)". New Ideas in Psychology 18 (2–3): 241–259. doi:10.1016/s0732-118x(00)00012-x.  (Original work published 1962.)
  13. Munari, Alberto (1994). "JEAN PIAGET (1896–1980)". Prospects: the quarterly review of comparative education XXIV (1/2): 311–327. doi:10.1007/bf02199023. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/archive/publications/ThinkersPdf/piagetf.pdf. 
  14. "About Piaget". Jean Piaget Society. http://www.piaget.org/aboutPiaget.html. Hinango noong 17 October 2016. 
  15. Burman, J. T. (2012). "Jean Piaget: Images of a life and his factory". History of Psychology 15 (3): 283–288. doi:10.1037/a0025930. ISSN 1093-4510. 
  16. von Glasersfeld, E. (1990). "An exposition of constructivism: Why some like it radical". Journal for Research in Mathematics Education – Monograph 4: 19–29 & 195–210 [22]. doi:10.2307/749910. ISSN 0883-9530. JSTOR 749910.  (p. 22).
  17. Hsueh, Y (2009). "Piaget in the United States, 1925–1971. In U. Müller, J. I. M. Carpendale & L. Smith (Eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Piaget (pp. 344–370). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Müller, U., Burman, J. T., & Hutchinson, S. (2013). The developmental psychology of Jean Piaget: A quinquagenary retrospective". Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 34 (1): 52–55. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2012.10.001. 
  18. Pickren, W. E. (2012). Joseph McVicker Hunt: Golden age psychologist. In W. E. Pickren, D. A. Dewsbury, & M. Wertheimer (Eds.), Portraits of pioneers in developmental psychology (pp. 185–203). New York: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
  19. Haggbloom, Steven J.; Warnick, Renee; Warnick, Jason E.; Jones, Vinessa K.; Yarbrough, Gary L.; Russell, Tenea M.; Borecky, Chris M.; McGahhey, Reagan et al. (2002). "The 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century". Review of General Psychology 6 (2): 139–152. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.6.2.139. http://creativity.ipras.ru/texts/top100.pdf.