Neopterygii

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Neopterygii
Temporal na saklaw: 251–0 Ma (Artinskian)[1]-Induan-present
Siganus corallinus Brest.jpg
Siganus corallinus (a teleost)
Lepisosteus oculatus Knochenhecht.JPG
Lepisosteus oculatus (a holostean)
Klasipikasyong pang-agham e
Kaharian: Animalia
Kalapian: Chordata
Hati: Actinopterygii
(walang ranggo): Actinopteri
Subklase: Neopterygii
Regan, 1923[2]
Infraclasses

Holostei
Teleostei
See text for orders.

Ang Neopterygii (mula Griyego νέος neos 'bago' and πτέρυξ pteryx 'palikpik') ay isang subklase ng mga isdang may palikpik na ray (Actinopterygii). Ang Neopterygii ay kinabibilangan ng Holostei at Teleostei kung saan ang huli ay bumubuo sa karamihan ng mga nabubuhay na isda at higit sa kalahat ng lahat ng nabubuhay na espesyeng bertebrado.[3] Bagaman ang mga nabubuhay na holostean ay kinabibilangan ng mga taxa ng mga isdang sariwang tubig, ang mga teleost ay nabubuhay tubig alat at tubig sariwa. Ang ebidensiya ng fossil para koronang pangkat na neopterygia ay mula pa noong 251 milyong taon sa yugtong Induan ng epoch na Maagang Triasiko.[4][5][6]

Piloheniya[baguhin | baguhin ang wikitext]

Vertebrates

Jawless fish Flussneunauge.jpg (118 living species: hagfish, lampreys)


Jawed vertebrates

Cartilaginous fishes White shark (Duane Raver).png (>1,100 living species: sharks, rays, chimaeras)


Bony fishes

Lobe-fins
Rhipidistia

Tetrapoda Salamandra salamandra (white background).jpg (>30,000 living species: amphibians, mammals, reptiles, birds)



Dipnoi Barramunda coloured.jpg (6 living species: lungfish)




Actinistia Coelacanth flipped.png (2 living species: coelacanths)



Ray-fins

Cladistia Cuvier-105-Polyptère.jpg (14 living species: bichirs, reedfish)


Actinopteri

Chondrostei Atlantic sturgeon flipped.jpg (27 living species: sturgeons, paddlefish)



Neopterygii Common carp (white background).jpg (>32,000 living species)








Mga kasapi ng Neopterygii[baguhin | baguhin ang wikitext]

Neopterygii 360 mya
Holostei 275 mya

Ginglymodi Alligator gar fish (white background).jpg (7 living species: gars and alligator gars)



Halecomorphi Amia calva (white background).jpg (1 living species: bowfin)



310 mya

Teleostei Common carp (white background).jpg (>32,000 living species)




Mga sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang wikitext]

  1. Hurley, Imogen A.; Mueller, Rachael Lockridge; Dunn, Katherine A. (21 November 2006). "A new time-scale for ray-finned fish evolution". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 274 (1609): 489–498. doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.3749. PMC 1766393. PMID 17476768.
  2. Regan, C. Tate (1923). "The Skeleton of Lepidosteus, with remarks on the origin and evolution of the lower Neopterygian Fishes". Journal of Zoology. 93 (2): 445–461. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1923.tb02191.x.
  3. Nelson, Joseph, S. (2016). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
  4. Olsen, P.E. (1984). "The skull and pectoral girdle of the parasemionotid fish Watsonulus eugnathoides from the Early Triassic Sakamena Group of Madagascar, with comments on the relationships of the holostean fishes". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 4 (3): 481–499. doi:10.1080/02724634.1984.10012024.
  5. Gardiner, B. G. (1993). "Osteichtythyes: basal actinopterygians". Fossil Record II.
  6. Grande, Lance; Bemis, William E. (1998). "A Comprehensive Phylogenetic Study of Amiid Fishes (Amiidae) Based on Comparative Skeletal Anatomy. an Empirical Search for Interconnected Patterns of Natural History". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 18 (Supplementary 1): 1–696. doi:10.1080/02724634.1998.10011114.