Palarong Olimpiko sa Taglamig 1980

Mula sa Wikipediang Tagalog, ang malayang ensiklopedya
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ika-XIII Palarong Olimpiko sa Taglamig
1980 Winter Olympics emblem.png
Poster for the 1980 Winter Olympics[a]
Punong-alang lungsodLake Placid, New York, United States
Bilang ng mga kalahok na nasyon37
Bilang ng mga manlalaro1,072 (840 men, 232 women)
Mga kaganapan38 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Pagbubukas13 February
Pagsasara24 February
Binuksan ni
Nagsindi ng kaldero
IstadyumLake Placid Equestrian Stadium
Taglamig
Innsbruck 1976 Sarajevo 1984
Tag-init
Montreal 1976 Moscow 1980

Ang Palarong Olimpiko sa Taglamig 1980, na opisyal na kilala bilang XIII Olympic Winter Games, ay isang multi-sport event na ipinagdiriwang mula Pebrero 13 hanggang Pebrero 24, 1980, sa Lake Placid, New York, Estados Unidos. [1] Ito ang pangalawang beses na nag-host ang Upstate New York village sa Mga Larong, pagkatapos ng 1932. Ang tanging ibang lungsod na kandidato na nag-bid para sa Mga Laro ay ang Vancouver-Garibaldi, British Columbia, Canada, na umatras bago ang huling boto (kahit na si Vancouver ay magwagi sa mag-bid na i-host ang Palarong Olimpiko sa Taglamig 2010.)

Ang maskot ng Mga Laro ay "Roni", isang raccoon. Ang mga singsing na tulad ng maskara sa mukha ng isang raccoon ay naaalala ang mga goggles at sumbrero na isinusuot ng maraming mga atleta sa sports sports. Ang dula ay nilaro sa Olympic Center, Whiteface Mountain, Mt. Ang Van Hoevenberg Olympic Bobsled Run, ang Olympic Ski Jumps, ang Cascade Cross Country Ski Center, at ang Lake Placid High School Speed Skating Oval.

Pagpili ng Host[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Ang proseso ng pagpili para sa 1980 Winter Olympics ay binubuo ng isang bid, mula sa Lake Placid, New York, Estados Unidos. Napili ito sa ika-75 sesyon na International Olympic Committee (IOC) sa Vienna noong Oktubre 23, 1974.[2][3][4][5]

Highlights[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Official poster of the 1980 Winter Olympics

Notable highlights included:

  • The United States men's ice hockey team, composed mostly of collegiate players and not predicted to advance beyond group play, won the gold medal. The United States team's 4–3 win over the veteran and professional Soviet team, which came into the 1980 Games having won four consecutive Olympic gold medals, became known as the "Miracle on Ice" in US culture. The win captured the hearts of Americans, even though it was the win against Finland that secured the gold medal.
  • Eric Heiden of the United States won gold in the 500m, 1000m, 1500m, 5000m, and 10,000m speed skating events, setting four Olympic records and one world record (10,000m) in the process and delivering 83% of the American gold medals (the only other gold, as noted above, was won by the hockey team). Heiden became the first person to win all five speed skating events, the first of only three to win five gold medals in individual events at a single Games (either Summer or Winter), and is still the only athlete to win five gold medals at one Winter Games.
  • Sweden's Ingemar Stenmark won both the giant slalom and the slalom.
  • Hanni Wenzel won the women's giant slalom and slalom, making Liechtenstein the smallest country to produce an Olympic champion.
  • Ulrich Wehling of East Germany and Irina Rodnina of the USSR won their respective events for the third time, Wehling in Nordic combined and Rodnina in pairs figure skating.
  • Aleksandr Tikhonov of the USSR earned his fourth straight gold medal as part of the 4 x 7.5 km biathlon relay team.
  • Nikolay Zimyatov of the USSR earned three gold medals in cross-country skiing.
  • Robin Cousins won gold for Great Britain in the men's singles figure skating.
  • East Germany won the most medals overall (23) but had fewer golds (9) than the USSR (10).
  • In possibly the most dramatic duel of the games, Sweden's Thomas Wassberg edged Finland's Juha Mieto in the 15 km cross-country skiing by 0.01 seconds, the closest margin of victory ever in Olympic cross-country skiing.
  • Although they did not get any medals, the People's Republic of China entered the Olympic Games for the first time after the IOC agreed to designate the Republic of China "Chinese Taipei".
  • Lake Placid 1980 marked the first use of artificial snow in Olympic competition.
  • Lake Placid 1980 was the last Olympics to be opened by the Vice President of the United States, as 1980 was a Presidential election year.

Palaro[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

The Olympic cauldron

Mayroong 38 mga kaganapan na napagtalo sa 6 na sports (10 disiplina). Tingnan ang mga nagwagi ng medalya, iniutos ng isport:

Lugar[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Ang dating Will Rogers Memorial Hospital ay pansamantalang ginamit bilang press headquarters. [6]

Ang site ay itinuturing na perpekto para sa magagamit na imprastraktura mula sa 1932 Winter Olympics, lalo na ang pagtakbo ng Bobsleigh. Gayunpaman, ang komite ng Olimpikong lokal ay nangangailangan ng pag-apruba ng kongreso para sa pagpopondo upang maitayo ang Olympic Village. Kinakailangan ng Kongreso ang isang pagkatapos ng kontrata para sa mga pasilidad, at napagkasunduan na ang Olympic Village ay itatayo alinsunod sa mga pangangailangan ng Federal Bureau of Prisons. Kasunod ng mga Larong Olimpiko, na-repurposed ito para sa Federal Correctional Institution, Ray Brook. [7]

Tignan din[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Notes[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Notes

  1. The emblem is a line that forms the Adirondacks, which becomes a column on the left, paying tribute to the ancient Olympic games. The top of the column is serrated to hold the Olympic rings. This represents a double cauldron, acknowledging that the Olympics were also held in Lake Placid in 1932.

Citations

  1. "Lake Placid 1980 Torch Relay". International Olympic Committee. Nakuha noong Oktubre 31, 2016.
  2. "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Itinabi mula sa orihinal noong January 24, 2011. Nakuha noong March 17, 2011.
  3. Wimmer, Ferry (Oktubre 23, 1974). "Moscow, Lake Placid awarded Olympics". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). UPI. pa. 38.
  4. "'80 Olympic Games go to Moscow, Lake Placid". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. Oktubre 24, 1974. pa. 15.
  5. Johnson, William O. (Nobyembre 4, 1974). "Back where the games belong". Sports Illustrated. pa. 28.
  6. Raymond W. Smith (Hulyo 1983). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Will Rogers Memorial Hospital". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Itinabi mula sa orihinal noong Enero 27, 2012. Nakuha noong Hulyo 10, 2010.
  7. Lewis, Danny (Agosto 18, 2016). "Why the 1980 Olympic Village Is Now a Prison". Smithsonian Magazine (sa wikang Ingles). Nakuha noong Marso 25, 2020.

Mga Kawing Panlabas[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Inunahan ni:
Innsbruck
Winter Olympics
Lake Placid

XIII Olympic Winter Games (1980)
Sinundan ni:
Sarajevo


Padron:Events at the 1980 Winter Olympics Padron:Nations at the 1980 Winter Olympics Padron:1980 Winter Olympic venues Padron:Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Live Sports Special