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University of the City of Manila
Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila
Latin: Universitas Urbis Manilae[2]
SawikainKarunungan, Kaunlaran, Kadakilaan (Filipino)
Sawikain sa InglesKnowledge, Progress, Greatness[1]
Itinatag noong19 June 1965
UriPublic, City University
EndowmentPhP 750 million[3][4]
PanguloAtty. Adel Tamano
Academic staff2,000[3]
LokasyonManila, Metro Manila, Philippines
43°58′67″N 120°97′63″W / 43.98528°N 121.63417°W / 43.98528; -121.63417{{#coordinates:}}: hindi katanggap-tanggap na latitud
Kampus30,000 [3] (Intramuros campus)
Hymn"Pamantasang Mahal"[6](translated as Beloved University)
NicknameBlue Panthers

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, or the University of the City of Manila (PLM) is the largest municipal government-funded,[7][8][9][10] tuition-free university[9][10] in the Philippines (in terms of endowment, student population, curricular offerings, facilities, research output, and extension services). It is situated within the district of Intramuros in Manila, the Philippines. It was established on June 19, 1965 through Republic Act 4196[3][9][10][11] and opened on July 17, 1967.[3][9][12][13][14]

PLM holds the distinction of being the first in several ways— the first institution of higher learning in the country and perhaps in Asia to offer tuition-free tertiary education; the first university funded solely by a city government; and the first institution of higher learning in the country to have its official name in Filipino.[9][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

From its first enrollment record of 556 freshman scholars coming from the top ten percent of the graduating classes of Manila's twenty-nine public high schools,[9][10][13][16][18] total semestral enrollment has grown to an average of 11,000.[12] The lone college in its earliest beginning has sprung to 12 colleges, five graduate, two professional schools, and a score of research and specialized centers, including a teaching hospital, an enterpreneurial center, and an integrated learning center for toddlers.[3][12] In addition, it maintains a comprehensive distance education and open university program for thousands of community health workers and public administrators in various regions nationwide with affiliations and recognition from various national and international organizations and institutions.[10][12][13]

To date, there are 53 single-degree baccalaureate programs and 49 masters, doctoral, and graduate diploma offerings that lead to degrees in accountancy, economics, architecture, business administration, computer studies, education, engineering, law, mass communication, mathematics, medicine, nursing, physical education, physical therapy, psychology, sciences, social work, tourism, management, and public governance.[12]

According to the Philippines' Commission on Higher Education (CHED), it is a model university for all public institutions across the country, one of the centers of excellence in the City of Manila, and the fifth among all universities nationwide based on the number of examinees passing the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) test.[7][9][12][14][19]

Institution[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Academics and administration[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

As a chartered and autonomous university, PLM is governed by the Board of Regents and administered by a President.[11][20] The Board of Regents, the highest decision-making body of PLM,[11][20] has the authority to grant diplomas, certificates and titles to students who have completed their academic programs and validate graduation of students.[21] The six-member Board is composed of the President of the PLM, a representative of the PLM faculty, a distinguished alumnus, a respected educator, and one other respected professional, and the Superintendent of the Division of City Schools-Manila. Each member serves a six-year tenure of office. The President oversees the implementation of the university policies.[11][20][22] Immediately under the President are the offices of four Vice-Presidents - Executive Vice President, Vice President for Academic Affairs, Vice President for Administration, and Vice President for Finance and Planning.[20]

The PLM campus at Intramuros as seen from the world-famous Manila Hotel.

The University is organized into twelve undergraduate colleges, two professional schools, seven graduate schools, and an open university and distance learning program,[12][23] which are all being supervised by the Executive Vice President. These academic units collectively provide 53 single-degree undergraduate and 49 masters, doctoral and graduate diploma programs.[12]

The twelve undergraduate colleges are the College of Accountancy & Economics, College of Architecture & Urban Planning, College of Engineering & Technology, College of Human Development, College of Liberal Arts, College of Management & Entrepreneurship, College of Mass Communication, College of Nursing, College of Physical Education, Recreation & Sports, College of Physical Therapy, College of Science, and College of Tourism, Hotel & Travel Industry Management. The two professional schools are the College of Law and the College of Medicine. The seven graduate schools include Graduate School of Arts, Sciences & Education, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Engineering, Graduate School of Law, Graduate School of Management, Graduate School of Urban & Settlements Planning, and the President Ramon Magsaysay School of Public Governance. The university's open university and distance learning program[9][12] is served through the Emeritus College, Open University,[23] and the District Colleges.

PLM is the tenth largest university in Metro Manila with a total student enrollment of 13,711 (as of January 20, 2006).[5] For the undergraduate class of 2011, PLM received 40,000 college applications, and accepted three percent of them.[24]

PLM's endowment in 2008 was valued at Php 500 million,[3] excluding the funding allotted for its teaching hospital, Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, of about Php 250 million.[4] The University spends about four to fives times the national average for education.[25]

Members of the PLM Administration with Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim and US Ambassador Kristie Kenney, 2008.

PLM utilizes a semester-based modular system for conducting courses,[26] adopts features of the American system (credits), and employs the General Weighted Average (GWA) system and a 1.00 to 5.00 grading scale, with 1.00 being the highest possible grade for a particular undergraduate course.

The semestral calendar being used by PLM consists of two regular semesters of about 15 to 16 weeks each, and semestral breaks of about three to four weeks each. The university requires a minimum of twelve units to be considered a full-time student, with the maximum being twenty units.

Reputation[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

"It is not easy to hurdle the culture of excellence that is the culture of Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila"

The late President Diosdado Macapagal, who himself visited the University, said that PLM is "a unique university because it is the first community-oriented and socially conscious university in the country." He added that, "it gives poor but deserving public high school graduates of the community the means to acquire higher education." Moreover, he recognized PLM's emerging status as "one of the top universities in the country."[28] Her daughter, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo cited PLM for having a "culture of excellence,"[14] and commended the university for what she had believed as its "impressive" accomplishments in various fields.[27][29]

The country's leading newspaper, The Philippine Daily Inquirer, described PLM as a local university with a national character and reputation.[30] US Ambassador Kristie Kenney, in her speech during the 40th Commencement Exercises at the PLM Grandstand, praised PLM for building a "culture of commitment to public service in its students, faculty and alumni."[31] In an article in the Business Mirror, PLM was considered as the "highest symbol of Manila’s public educational system which radiates another form of power and influence."[32] Websites such as Manila Board regarded that PLM is one of leading and prime public universities in the country today.[33]

On August 13, 2008, Adel A. Tamano, in his column at the Manila Times wrote that PLM is "a unique learning institution" and is "essentially an honors school where only the students from lower income families with excellent scholastic records are admitted."[34]

However, PLM is not a perfect institution, and the university had been criticized in the past for the 'reconsideration' cases, wherein some students who failed to meet the university’s standards for retention were readmitted because of the so-called 'backers'. In order to resolve this issue, the city government has insulated the University from political pressure so as not to compromise its status as one of the country's leading educational institutions.[35][36]

Social involvement[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Grounded in its commitment to the City of Manila and the whole country, PLM implements a framework of action that fosters a culture of service among its administrators, faculty and alumni dubbed as "Malasakit sa Kapwa, Malasakit sa Bansa," in which all curricular programs of the University are anchored. As one of the two participating schools of medicine in "Bagong Doktor para sa Bayan (New Doctor for the Nation)"[37][38] of the national government, the College of Medicine makes sure that medical interns are stationed for a few months in far-flung barangays[39] to immerse themselves and apply community dynamics, family medicine theories, and appropriate technologies with the people of the community. Because of this, the Department of Health has cited the College as a model for other medical schools in the country.

Students in the College of Nursing render service to 44 city-run health centers as part of their community health nursing internship. Senior students live with people in the rural areas for eight weeks and implement several socio-civic and health projects. Although they are not required of service contracts, they are encouraged to serve the country before going abroad.

Physical therapy students in their last year in college are required to apply their learnings in various settings, including rehabilitation centers in marginalized communities.

As for the faculty members and students of the College of Human Development, they visit communities in Manila and assist in conducting activities such as teaching preschoolers in the city's barangay day care centers.

Similar activities are undertaken by the colleges that take on different approaches as in holding outreach programs in their field work, off-campus activities and on-the-job trainings or practicum.

The PLM communities have also joined the Caritas Manila through Intramuros Consortium Outreach and Environment Committee (ICOEC) in its dental and medical missions in various communities. In 1993, together with Tugon-RESCUE, the university's Community University Extension Services (CUES) continued with its outreach programs for the slum communities of Tondo. From 1999 up to present, PLM, in cooperation with the Shalom Club of the Philippines-Manila Chapter and the Rotary Club of the Philippines, has been actively donating blood for the patients of the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, Ospital ng Tondo and Dr. Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center. Similar bloodletting campaigns were conducted by other organizations within PLM such as the "Patak-patak na Pagmamahal" by the PLM Samaritans, "Blood Rush" by the Brotherhood of Medical Scholars and the "Operation Lifeline" by the PLM ROTC Unit.

Research and development[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

PLM conducts studies and research projects that aim to aid in policy-making and in the production of prototypes that can be useful to both the University and the industry through the Intramuros Consortium[40] and its own research divisions.[41] Moreover, PLM is one of the four academic institutions that were chosen as member of the Metropolitan Manila Industry and Energy Research and Development Consortium (MMIERDC) of the Department of Science and Technology.[42]

History[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Geographical History[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Gusaling Don Pepe Atienza (Don Pepe Atienza Hall), the PLM graduate school building.

The site where the PLM campus at Intramuros is situated used to be occupied by the Colegio de Manila (also known as Colegio Seminario de San Ignacio), which was founded in 1590 by Fr. Antonio Sedeño, S.J.[43][44] The Colegio de Manila formally opened in 1595, and was the first school in the Philippines.[16][45][46]

Aside from Colegio de Manila, there were other structures that were built in the site.[45][47] Iglesia de Santa Ana, the first stone church in the Philippines, was built in 1590 and opened in 1596. However, an earthquake destroyed it, and another church was built in honor of St. Ignatius of Loyola in 1626.[45]

In 1601, the Colegio de San José was set up as an annex of Colegio Seminario de San Ignacio.[16] Twenty years later, Pope Gregory XV, through the Archbishop of Manila, authorized the Colegio Seminario de San Ignacio to confer degrees in theology and arts and elevated it into a university.[45][48] In 1623, Philip IV of Spain confirmed the authorization, making the school both a pontifical and a royal university, and the very first university in the Philippines and in Asia.[43][49][50][51][48] In 1722, the Colegio de San José was granted royal patronage.[48]

In 1768, the Jesuits surrendered the Universidad Maximo de San Ignacio to the Spanish authorities after their suppression and expulsion from Spain and its territories.[16][43][44][45][48] Later, the Universidad Maximo de San Ignacio was placed under secular administration and converted into a seminary and a liberal arts college. In 1773, Pope Clement XIV formally declared the dissolution of the Society of Jesus. In 1895, the Universidad Maximo de San Ignacio merged with the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas. The Colegio de San José is now the San José Major Seminary at the Ateneo de Manila University.

The buildings of what was the Universidad Maximo de San Ignacio were transformed into military headquarters called Cuartel del Rey, which eventually became known as Cuartel de España. José Rizal was placed on trial for sedition here on December 26, 1896.[3][16][45]

During the American occupation, part of the barracks was razed, and a gymnasium was built on it. In early 1930s, one of first games of the NCAA was played in the 31st Infantry Quonset Gym.[52] The buildings and the whole premises served as military headquarters for the 31st Infantry of the United States Army until 1941.[16] During World War II, General Douglas McArthur held command post here, but the entire area was later destroyed by the on-going military conflict.[45][53]

In early 1960s, the site was rehabilitated by the city government and a building was constructed at General Luna Street to house the students of Manila High School. However, on April 24, 1965, the late President Diosdado Macapagal issued Proclamation 392-A, giving to the proposed city university the three-hectare lot being occupied by Manila High School.[28][45] On February 26, 1967, the new complex along Victoria Street was inaugurated, and the students of Manila High School was transferred there. And, finally, on July 17, 1967, the first batch of PLM scholars began its academic pursuits in the site where the very roots of the modern educational system in the Philippines may be found.[30]

Establishment[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

The history of PLM’s conception started during the administration of the late Mayor Arsenio H. Lacson when he approved Ordinance No. 4202 on January 13, 1960 which appropriated PhP one million for the construction of the university.[17]It was, however, never implemented until his death and the assumption of his successor, Mayor Antonio de Jesus Villegas.

On February 13, 1963, Mayor Villegas, dubbed as the "Father of Completely Free Education in RP" issued Executive Order No. 7 s-1963, creating a Planning and Working Committee to draw up a plan to establish a city university.[17] The committee was chaired by Dr. Benito F. Reyes and the members were Gabriel Formoso, Leoncio Monzon, Alfredo Morales, Vicente Albano Pacis, Jose S. Roldan, Carlos Moran Sison, with Atty. Primitivo de Leon as its secretary.

Due to an impasse impending the legislature action of the city council to formally create the university, Mayor Villegas interceded for the help of then-Congresman Justo Albert of the fourth congressional district of the City of Manila to sponsor a bill in the Congress seeking to create the university, which was passed by the House of Representatives in 1964 as House Bill No. 8349.[17] The Senate version of the bill was spearheaded by Senators Gil Puyat and Camilo Osias,[17] which was passed by the Philippine Senate in 1965. The consolidation of the two bills was tackled during the Fourth session of the Fifth Congress of the Philippines, which began and was held in the City of Manila on January 25, 1965. The consolidated bill was thereafter passed by the joint Congress and was signed by Senate President Ferdinand E. Marcos[3] and House Speaker Cornelio T. Villareal with Mr. Regino S. Eustaquio, Secretary of the Senate, and Mr. Inocencio B. Pareja, Secretary of the House of Representatives.

Coindicentally, during José Rizal's birth anniversity on June 19, 1965,[3][28] the final bill entitled An Act Authorizing the City of Manila to Establish and Operate the University of the City of Manila and for Other Purposes,[3][11] was signed into law by President Diosdado P. Macapagal,[3] in a signing ceremony in Malacañan Palace. The event was witnessed by Mayor Villegas, Congressman Ramon Mitra, Jr., Atty. Primitivo de Leon, and its main sponsor in the House of Representatives, Congresman Justo Albert. The Law was captioned as Republic Act No. 4196,[3][11] which now serves as the PLM Charter.[10]

The Board of Regents, which is the governing body of the University,[11] was formally organized in the same year as Mayor Villegas appointed the member thereof, The university regents were sworn into office during the historic day of January 9, 1967, and they eventually conducted its election of officers on February 23, 1967. The composition of the first Board of Regents were: Atty. Carlos Moran Sison, Chairman, Dr. Benito F. Reyes, Vice Chairman, Emilio Abello, Roman F. Lorenzo, Jose S. Roldan and Primo L. Tongko, members; Fructuoso R. Yanson served as an ex-officio member and Jose F. Sugay as its secretary. Dr. Benito F. Reyes was chosen as the PLM’s first president.[22]

Recent development[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Growth and expansion[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

San Francisco City Mayor Gavin Newsom and Manila Mayor Lito Atienza during the renewal of the memorandum of understanding between the City College of San Francisco and the PLM, 2006.[54]

At the turn of the 21st century, the PLM emerged onto the national academic stage, and for the first time, admitted students from outside of Manila on paying schemes. Many changes took place that eventually ushered in a new era for the university. PLM continued with its affiliations and consortium agreements with various educational institutions in the world.[9][55] This period saw a surge in funds devoted for the university’s physical development.[56] Many new facilities were built at the main campus,[56] and the different departments, colleges and schools were restructured. The university fortified its research capabilities by establishing a number of research units and consortium agreements with other institutions to guide its academic research initiatives.

In 2000, the launching of Pamantasang Limbagan ng Maynila (PLM University Press), inauguration of the Development Center for Women Studies and Services, and the revival of the Manila Studies program under the new Sentro ng Araling Manileno were among the highlights.[17]

From 2001-2003, the PLM Board of Regents aggressively expanded the PLM curriculum to include professional studies in tourism, hotel and travel industry management, and physical education and recreational sports,[57] as well as, to support the separation of the Department of Architecture from the College of Engineering & Technology; dissection of the colleges of Arts and Sciences, and Business Administration into new colleges - College of Mass Communication, College of Science, College of Liberal Arts, College of Accountancy & Economics, and College of Management & Entrepreneurship;[57][58] and, merger of the departments of social work, education and psychology into the College of Human Development.[58][59]

Gusaling Katipunan (Katipunan Hall), the building that houses the colleges and schools of law, nursing, health sciences, as well as the various library units.

In 2001, Mayor Lito Atienza authorized the opening of three district colleges under the city government's university system.[60][61] In about the same time, the integrated learning center for toddlers commenced through the initiative of the Center for University Extension Services (CUES).[62] A year later, the Open Univesity and Distance Learning Program increased its off-campus and distance learning programs to more qualified individuals throughout the country wishing to pursue higher education. Likewise, it installed a general education curriculum and visiting professors agreement with its sister-schools in Saudi Arabia and Thailand to allow Overseas Filipinos to pursue their college education.[23]

Campaign for Student Regency[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

In 2001, the Supreme Student Council (SSC), the university’s student governing body, led the campaign for the student representation at the Board of Regents, and made the PLM community cognizant of the issue.[63] Senator Francis Pangilinan, on January 15, 2002, filed the Senate Bill No. 1967 or an act amending certain provisions of Republic Act No. 4196. The bill seeks the installation of student representation in the Board of Regents, and Senator Pangilinan perceives it as an imperative step in furthering the role of the youth in nation building.[64]

English Proficiency Program[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

In July 2004, Mayor Lito Atienza spearheaded the development and implementation of the English Proficiency Program in all schools being funded by the city government. A committee on the use of English was formed a week after the directive was passed, and it was headed by the then PLM President Benjamin G. Tayabas. Aside from Tayabas, the other members of the committee were City Administrators Dino Nable, Secretary to the Mayor Emmanuel Sison, Chief of Staff Pia Sacro, Division of City Schools-Manila Superintendent Ma. Luisa S. Quiñones, City College of Manila President Rodrigo Malunhao and Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology President Maura Bautista. A few weeks later, the English as a Second Language (ESL) Center was established at the PLM [19][65] before the program's full implementation on September 1.[66] Initially, the campaign was derided by some critics and groups,[67][68] but later lauded and even followed by other institutions.[68][69][70] Two years after the birthing pains of the program at the PLM, The American Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines and the European Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines has taken part in a massive, intensive English retooling effort among private and government schools in partnership with the Department of Education.[71]

Redefining the future[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

PLM Pride Hall, the silo of all recorded feats and achievements of the Pamantasan community, serving as the endless epitome of the academic excellence that is inherent in the establishment of the PLM.[72]

PLM continued thorough refurbishing of its existing facilities[73] like the repair of the school gymnasium, the creation of a faculty lounge, a health and wellness center,[74] a first-rate cafeteria, and additional air-conditioned classrooms.[75]

In 2007, the President Ramon Magsaysay Entrepreneurial Center,[76] and the PLM Activity Center[77] were built. In addition, PLM commissioned the G & W Architects to design two new buildings namely, the Gusaling Intramuros, the new building for the College of Architecture & Urban Planning and the PLM University Press, facing the General Luna Street; and, the Bahay Manila (PLM Community and Alumni center), situated beside the Gusaling Arsenio Lacson along Victoria Street. A year later, PLM allocated PhP 2-3 million for the establishment of a restaurant near the Baluarte de San Diego Gardens, which is to be operated by the PLM College of Tourism, Hotel & Travel Industry Management. There is also a proposal of setting up a hotel in a property owned by the city government.[35]

President Ramon Magsaysay Entrepreneurial Center, the venue for creative enterprise among PLM communities.[76]

Through the leadership of Atty. Adel Tamano, the administration aggressively pursued its allocation for book acquisition to beef up the collection of PLM libraries,[12] and alloted PhP 5 million to purchase new books for 2008 alone.[12] Aside from improving the physical environment and setup, he also revolutionized some of the existing policies and instituted reforms at the PLM, such as the implementing of stricter admission and retention policy, providing of tenures of office for deans of each school,[3][35] upgrading of the wage and non-wage benefits of employees,[3][73] and enforcing of zero tolerance on corruption,[73] such as placing measures that would keep bidding and contract-awarding transparent and open to scrutiny.[3] During his investiture, he vowed to bring PLM to greater heights of academic excellence.

On June 28, 2008, a fire destroyed a stockroom at the main campus near the Ilustrado restaurant at 11:17 a.m., and reached fifth alarm before it was put out 11:48 a.m. No casualty was reported, and classes went back to normal the following week.[78][79]

The front gates on both sides of Muralla and General Luna Streets are now flung open and allow entrants a semblance of a free way to the lobby of the main building Gusaling Villegas where the security guards are stationed for the usual check, and provide a better view of the university's iconography - the flaming torch.[3]

Expansion plans[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

The PLM Administration conveyed its plan of building a city university system that would embrace all districts of Manila, as well as to transform the main campus at Intramuros as a haven for graduate studies and research and include a science and technology institute and a polytechnic school on extension campuses.[80][81] Likewise, they also expressed hope that the city government shall regain jurisdiction over Intramuros from the national government for it is proved to be vital for the proposed expansion plans for the PLM.[81]

Campus[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

The main campus of PLM is situated strategically at Intramuros along General Luna and Muralla Streets. Its three-hectare campus[3] is centered around an open field, where the PLM Grandstand can be found.[16]

Accessible from the campus are malls, recreational centers, museums and educational facilities such as the SM City Manila behind the Manila City Hall, Robinson's Place in Ermita, Harrison Plaza in Vito Cruz, Rizal Park and the Baywalk along Roxas Boulevard, the Manila City Library at the Mehan Garden, the National Library in Kalaw, the National Museum, the Manila Planetarium, the Manila Ocean Park, among others.[82]

Except for the Gusaling Arsenio Lacson (Arsenio Lacson Hall), all buildings inside the campus possess a 19th century or Hispanic architectural design. Moldings, window and door material, grillwork and paneling depict the details of the Bahay na Bato. The different buildings are either separate or interconnected with one another.

The University's academic and recreational facilities include an amphitheater, audiovisual rooms, an auditorium, campus-wide wireless fidelity facilities,[83] an entrepreneurial center, a fitness center, free Internet stations,[83] a gymnasium, an integrated learning center for toddlers, library units, a physical therapy clinic, a pride hall, a printing press, research and specialized centers, and a university clinic.

Student life and traditions[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Students of the PLM have access to a variety of activities while not attending class. The campus' proximity to several attractions in Manila makes excursions to local museums, theaters, or other entertainment venues relatively quick and easy.[82]

The University offers intramural sports, cultural shows and over 50 student and employee organizations. Fraternities and sororities play a role in the university's social life. Youth for Christ and Bible Readers' Society are some of the well-known religious groups. There are also engineering projects teams, including the Microcontrollers and Robotics Society, which have earned a number of recognition in national-level competitions, and debate teams, such as the Speech and Debate Society and the Economics Society. The university also showcases many community service organizations and charitable projects, including the PLM Samaritans, the Brotherhood of Medical Scholars, Legal Aid and Youth Advocacy (LAYA), among others.

The University sponsors and implements a comprehensive student services program coordinated by the Office of Student Affairs. The President's Committee on Arts and Culture (PCAC) is responsible for building up the artistry and craft of the PLM students through its different cultural organizations, such as the Hiyas ng Maynilad Dance Troupe, the Mabuhay Marching Band, PLM Chorale, and the PLM Rondalla. Created in 1998, Magwayen Creative Scholars' Guild is the pioneer theater arts group of PLM.

The PLM Activity Center is a venue for many events. Homecoming coincides with various festivities to draw past students back to campus.[84] The University hosts notable speakers each year,[17][12] largely because of the success of the President Ramon Magsaysay School of Public Governance Lecture Series,[85] the Dean's Lecture Series, and the Ramon Magsaysay Awardees' Lecture Series.[9] These are frequently Ramon Magsaysay Awardees who visit PLM while in the capital, as well as, scholars, politicians, authors, and religious leaders. Different organizations, clubs, and research units host numerous symposia and fora on various issues and topics. Concerts and variety shows are commonly held at the PLM Grandstand and Open Field as well as in the Justo Albert Auditorium. In the middle of 2008, the university grounds became a music hall and camp for the participants to the Opusfest, the international piano and chamber music festival. Master classes with interactive performances conducted by international concert artists were open to the PLM community.[86]

The student government at PLM is the Supreme Student Council (SSC), governed by a student elected as president. Aside from the SSC, which acts as the central student government body within the PLM, there are college-based student councils as well. There are only 2 university-wide student political parties, namely Bukluran Party and Partidong Tugon, that annually participate in the student council elections. Tracing its roots from the former Sandigan Party, Bukluran was founded in 1995, while Tugon started in 1991.

A longstanding goal of some members of the student government and political parties is to create a student designated seat on the Board of Regents, the university's governing body. Such a designation would achieve parity with other State Universities that have student regents.

Rajah Sulayman Gymnasium, the home of the PLM's athletic teams.

In 1979, seven years after its predecessor HASIK[87] was padlocked following the declaration of Martial Law, Ang Pamantasan, the PLM's official university-wide student publication, was born. Through the years, the publication has faced censorship but it has stood up well for campus press freedom and continued to serve as watchdog of the PLM community.[88] There are also several administrative, university-wide, and college-based publications and academic journals being circulated at PLM.

The PLM community regularly organizes inter-university invitational games and dual meets in major sporting events, participates in the Manila Youth Games and Manila Marathon, conducts its very own Student Intramural Games, and participates in the Alculympics, a sports organization composed of 18 local colleges and universities nationwide.[89][90][91]

Insignia and other representations[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Motto and song[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

PLM's motto is "Karunungan, Kaunlaran, Kadakilaan." The Filipino motto is literally translated as "Knowledge, Progress, Greatness," which are the University's guiding principles.[1] The official song is entitled "Pamantasang Mahal", translated as "Beloved University."[6]

Seal[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

The University Seal was designed by Arch. Carlos da Silva. By way of Board Resolution No. 39, the Board of Regents official accepted the seal on its 16th official meeting on June 17, 1967 at the Mayor's Office at the Manila City Hall, describing it as:

Colors[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

The University colors are golden-yellow, flaming-red and light-blue. The golden-yellow signifies nobility, wealth and power; white signifies light, truth and faith; light-blue signifies brotherly love and peacel red signifies patriotism, bravery and sacrifice; and green signifies hope.[1]

Footnotes[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Seal and colors". The Pamantasan. Accessed March 06, 2009.
  2. "Latin Name of Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila". Accessed March 06, 2009.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 Linda, Bolido.On hallowed ground. "The Philippine Daily Inquirer". December 29, 2008.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Atienza says Health Services Remain Priority of City Hall". The Manila Times. March 04, 2007.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Philippine school rank in terms of student population. Information Manager, Inc. Accessed February 19, 2009.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "PLM Hymn". The Pamantasan. Accessed March 06, 2009.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Soaring high and leaving footprints in pursuit of a legend in quality higher education". Manila Bulletin. June 18, 2004.
  8. Pascual, Federico Jr. D."Roco backed out". The Philippine Star. February 04, 2005.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 Miguel, Marlon G. "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila celebrates 39th founding anniversary." Manila Bulletin. June 18, 2004.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila 39th Anniversary". Manila Bulletin. June 19, 2004.
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  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila 41st Anniversary". Manila Bulletin. June 19, 2006.
  15. Maghirang, Tony."First! Best! Most!". June 24, 2007.
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  21. Villarosa, Maria Cecilia D. "Pangilinan Authors PLM Charter Amendments." Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XII, No. 08. March 21, 2002.
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  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 "Texting and Open Universities". Owl Institute Open Educational Resources. Accessed February 19, 2009.
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  25. Dela Peña, Shiela and San Juan, Jayson Edward (2008-03-27). "Adel Tamano's Bright Star". The Lobbyist. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2008-03-27. Nakuha noong 2008-07-25. I was asked by a reporter during my investiture, "How are you going to address that problem of lack funds of PLM?" I answered, "I dispute that, PLM has so much money. If you do not steal the money of this University, there’s so much money." I’ll give you another example. Here at PLM, we’re doing quite well. Our passing rate for example in Medicine in February 2007 is 100 percent. Our PRC rating in Accountancy is number two. Architecture, number two. Nursing number, three. Now, we’re doing well because Manila is spending a lot of money for the PLM students. It’s a tuition-free institution. Manila spends about four to five times the national average per student here. And that’s why we’re doing well. PLM should be like a showcase. That’s if the money is handled properly. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  26. Barrios, Dr. Romeo M. and Nuñez, Dr. Domingo B. "Improving College Teaching via Modules". Pamantasan StarPost, Vol. III, No. 2. September 2002.
  27. 27.0 27.1 "GMA cites 'culture of excellence' at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila". Office of the President, Republic of the Philippines. 2003-04-12. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2003-04-12. Nakuha noong 2006-09-27. the President said that because of its culture of excellence, it is not easy for a student to go through college at the PLM. She said that only those who have excelled in high school are accepted at the Pamantasan, a university funded by the Manila city government. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Atencio, Joel C."Arroyo leads Pamantasan rites today". Manila Bulletin. November 07, 2001.
  29. "GMA cites 'culture of excellence' at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila". The Official Website of the Republic of the Philippines. April 12, 2003.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Tamano, Adel A. (2007). "Investing in Education - The Gateway to National Development". Maranao Online. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2007. Nakuha noong 2008-08-05. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  31. Kenney, Kristie A. (2008-03-29). "Ambassador Kristie A. Kenney's Graduation Address to Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM) 40th Commencement Exercises". Manila US Embassy Official Website. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2008-03-29. Nakuha noong 2008-08-05. Thanks to President Adel A. Tamano for his leadership and vision in making Pamantasan one of the top universities in the country... I congratulate Pamantasan for building a culture of commitment to public service in its students, faculty and alumni. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  32. Osorio, Emmanuel Libre (2008-06-26). "Manila: Heartland of Bangsamoro". Business Mirror Vol. III, No. 189. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2008-06-26. Nakuha noong 2008-08-16. The university, of course, is not the seat of political power; that rests in City Hall, just outside Intramuros. The university is the highest symbol of Manila’s public educational system which radiates another form of power and influence. In this wise, it would be best if the mayor allows the university president to take a leave of absence as spokesman of the opposition so he could lead the institution to new heights of excellence. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  33. "Manila Board: Manila Education". Manila Board. Accessed January 19, 2009.
  34. Tamano, Adel A. (2007-08-13). "Minority Report: Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila". Manila Times. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2007-08-13. Nakuha noong 2007-08-13. Last Thursday, I was appointed by the Board of Regents of PLM as University President. PLM is a unique learning institution. With over ten thousand students, faculty, and staff, the challenge of running the university might seem daunting. But its uniqueness, that it is essentially an honors school where only the students from lower income families with excellent scholastic records are admitted, appeals to my sense of leadership and education so much that any doubts or worries that I might have are overcome. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Lontayao, Rommel C. Pamantasan wants to be top tourism school. Manila Times. January 28, 2008.
  36. "Time to move on". Manila Times. 2008-08-08. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2007-06-05. Nakuha noong 2008-08-08. Indeed, it is about time that the PLM should be insulated from city politics and its management left to professional administrators so as not to compromise its status as among the country’s top educational institutions. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  37. "First Gentleman gives P20M for doctors' scholarship program aims to serve villages". Confederation of Scientific & Professional Organizations. Accessed March 07, 2009.
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  54. Mayor Newsom Signs Memorandum of Understanding With The Pamantasan Ng Lungsod Ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila). Office of Mayor, City and County of San Francisco. November 28, 2006.
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  62. Redo, Rizza Jane V. and Beraquit, Marvel B. Little Isko, housed. Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXII, No. 04.
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  65. Viaje, Reden S. (2005-03-14). "Manila schools told: Step up English proficiency programs". Manila Bulletin Online. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2005-03-14. Nakuha noong 2008-08-11. At the PLM, where the Manila English policy was first implemented last year, the training of the first batch of faculty and staff members was completed through the school's English as a Second Language (ESL) Center. These trainees now serve as facilitators in the ESL training for other teachers and students. "The ESL training is a great help to us, including those who are not English teachers but teach courses using the English language," PLM ESL Director Cherry Lynn Laguidao said. The ESL also conducted an image enhancement training for this year's graduating students on job interviews, resume writing, and test-taking linking to the school's annual jobs fair. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
  66. De Vera, Ellalyn B. and Lim, Ronald S. (2004-09-21). "The birthing pains of PLM's English Only Policy". Manila Bulletin Online. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2004-09-21. Nakuha noong 2008-08-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  67. "Stupid and Ironic". Piercing Pens blogsite. 2004. Sininop mula sa ang orihinal noong 2004. Nakuha noong 2008-08-11. We wonder if those pushing for the use of English in schools ever thought about how they complicate the process of learning by insisting on using a language that is foreign to both the students and the teachers. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (tulong)
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tl:Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila