Pumunta sa nilalaman

Wikipedia:IPA for Russian

Mula sa Wikipedia, ang malayang ensiklopedya

Ang talaan sa ibaba ay nagpapakita ng International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) para ipakita ang wikang ruso na binabasa sa Wikipedia.

IPA Halimbawa IPA Halimbawa[1] Kapareha ng Ingles
b бок; небо белый; воробей boot; beautiful
d дом; деда делает; Владимир do; dew (for some dialects)
f фата; выставка;[2] Чехов;[3] шурф фея; червь[3] fool; few
ɡ говорю; другой ɡʲ гербарий; ноги goo; ague
j есть; юла; я; толстый [4] yes, boy
k кость; рука; бок кишки; короткий cooter; cute
l луна; стула ; ствол[5] лес; колено; мысль pill; least
m мыло; думать; там мясо; доме moot; mute
n нос; он нёс; они; корень noon; new (for some dialects)
p пыль; стопа; скрип; зуб[3] пепел; зыбь[3] poo; pew
r рыба; широкий; орла; жир река; четыре; три; зверь trilled r, like Spanish
s собака; писать; нос; глаз[3] синий; здесь; есть; грызть[2] soup; super (for some dialects)
ʂ широкий; наш; хороший; муж;[3] что ɕɕ щегол; считать; мужчина; вращать [6] shop; fresh cheese
t тот; читаю; водка;[2] лёд[3] тереть; дитя; грудь[3] tool; tune (for some dialects)
ts цель; птица; отец чай; печень; течь tsunami, cats; chip
v ваш; давать; его[7] вести; человек voodoo; view
x ходить; ухо; бог[8] хина; лёгкий[2][8] bach; huge (for some dialects)
z заезжать; язык зелёный; озеро; просьба;[2] зверь zoo; azure (for some dialects)
ʐ жест; тяжёлый ʑʑ сжимать; заезжать rouge;
IPA Halimbawa Kapareho sa Ingles
Stressed vowels
a трава́ ton
æ пять tan
ɑ па́лка [9] palm
e пень pay
ɛ жест met
i си́него meat
ɨ ты roses (for some dialects)
o о́блако chore
ɵ тётя
u пу́ля choose
ʉ чуть
Unstressed vowels
ɐ паро́м; сообража́ть; стопа́ bud
ə ко́жа; ше́я; облако about
ɪ тяжёлый; эта́п; четы́ре bit
ɨ дыша́ть; жена́; го́ды roses (for some dialects)
ʉ юти́ться
ʊ мужчи́на euphoria
Other symbols used in transcription of Russian pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
for example этап [ɪˈtap]

Mga Talababa[baguhin ang wikitext]

  1. Russian makes contrasts between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ‹ ʲ› , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/, /ɕɕ/, /tɕ/, /ʑʑ/ are also considered "soft".
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 In consonant clusters, the voicing or devoicing is determined by that of the final obstruent in the sequence (Halle 1959:31)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Voiced obstruents (/b/, /bʲ/, /d/, /dʲ/ /ɡ/, /v/, /vʲ/, /z/, /zʲ/, /ʐ/, and /ʑʑ/) are devoiced word-finally unless the next word begins with a voiced obstruent (Halle 1959:22).
  4. The "soft" vowel letters <е> <ю> and <я> represent a /j/ plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels or a yer. When such vowels are unstressed, the /j/ may be deleted.
  5. /l/ is often strongly pharyngealized but this feature is nondistinctive (Ladefoged & Maddieson 1996:187-188).
  6. While some speakers pronounce words with <щ> as [ɕɕ] and some as [ɕtɕ], none contrast the two pronunciations, even in words where this sound is spelled with other letters.
  7. Intervocalic <г> can represent /v/ in certain words and affixes
  8. 8.0 8.1 When /ɡ/ loses its voicing, it is also lenited
  9. [ɑ] appears between a hard consonant (or a pause) and /l/