Kapitalismo

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Ang kapitalismo ay isang sistemang pang-ekonomiya na batay sa pribadong pagmamay-ari ng mga paraan ng paggawa at ang kinaling operasyon para tumubo.[1][2][3][4] Kabilang sa mga katangian naka-sentro sa kapitalismo ang pribadong pagmamay-ari, pagkaipon ng kapital, pasahod sa paggawa, boluntaryong pagpapalitan, isang sistema ng presyo, at kompetatibong mga merkado.[5][6] Sa isang kapitalistang pampamilihang ekonomiya, ang paggawa ng pasya at pamumuhunan ay tinutukoy ng bawat may-ari ng yaman, ari-arian o kakayahan ng produksyon sa pananalapi at pamilihang kapital, samanatalang ang presyo at pamamahagi ng mga kalakal at serbisyo ay pangunahing tinutukoy ng kumpetisyon sa pamilihan ng kalakal at serbisyo.[7][8]

Mga sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. Zimbalist, Sherman and Brown, Andrew, Howard J. and Stuart (Oktubre 1988). Comparing Economic Systems: A Political-Economic Approach (sa Ingles). Harcourt College Pub. pp. 6–7. ISBN 978-0-15-512403-5. Pure capitalism is defined as a system wherein all of the means of production (physical capital) are privately owned and run by the capitalist class for a profit, while most other people are workers who work for a salary or wage (and who do not own the capital or the product).
  2. Rosser, Mariana V.; Rosser, J Barkley (23 Hulyo 2003). Comparative Economics in a Transforming World Economy (sa Ingles). MIT Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-262-18234-8. In capitalist economies, land and produced means of production (the capital stock) are owned by private individuals or groups of private individuals organized as firms.
  3. Chris Jenks. Core Sociological Dichotomies. "Capitalism, as a mode of production, is an economic system of manufacture and exchange which is geared toward the production and sale of commodities within a market for profit, where the manufacture of commodities consists of the use of the formally free labor of workers in exchange for a wage to create commodities in which the manufacturer extracts surplus value from the labor of the workers in terms of the difference between the wages paid to the worker and the value of the commodity produced by him/her to generate that profit." London; Thousand Oaks, CA; New Delhi. Sage. p. 383 (sa Ingles).
  4. author., Gilpin, Robert,. The Challenge of Global Capitalism : The World Economy in the 21st Century. ISBN 9780691186474. OCLC 1076397003.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  5. Heilbroner, Robert L. "Capitalism". Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume, eds. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. 2nd ed. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008) doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0198 (sa Ingles)
  6. Louis Hyman and Edward E. Baptist (2014). American Capitalism: A Reader. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4767-8431-1 (sa Ingles).
  7. Gregory and Stuart, Paul and Robert (28 Pebrero 2013). The Global Economy and its Economic Systems (sa Ingles). South-Western College Pub. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-285-05535-0. Capitalism is characterized by private ownership of the factors of production. Decision making is decentralized and rests with the owners of the factors of production. Their decision making is coordinated by the market, which provides the necessary information. Material incentives are used to motivate participants.
  8. "Definition of CAPITALISM" (sa Ingles). Merriam-Webster. Hinango noong 23 Marso 2018.