Nomenklatura ng gamot

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Ang nomenklatura ng mga gamot ay isang nomenklatura ng mga gamot, lalo na sa mga medikasyon. May tatlong pangalan ang gamot, sa pangkalahatan: pangalang kemikal, na kung saan ang napakahalaga ay ang pangalang IUPAC; henerikong pangalan, na kung saan ang napakahalaga ay ang International Nonproprietary Names (INN); at ang tatak pangkalakal, na kung saan ay markang pangalan.[1] Binubuo ang mga henerikong pangalan ng mga gamot sa lapi at mga puno na naguuri sa gamot sa ibat-ibang kategorya at hinihiwalay din nito ang gamot sa mga kategoryang ito.[2] Maaaring magkaroon ng kodigo ng kompanya ang mga naibebentang gamot.[3]

Ang talaan sa ibaba ay ang magbibigay ng halimbawa ng tatlong uri ng pangalan.

Halimbawa ng ibat-ibang pangalan ng gamot
Pangalang kemikal Pangalang heneriko Pangalang marka
N-acetyl-p-aminophenol paracetamol
acetaminophen (US, JP)
Tylenol
(RS)-2-(4-(2-methylpropyl)phenyl)propanoic acid ibuprofen Motrin
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-13-[(2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-α-L-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-[[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-β-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy]-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one azithromycin Zithromax
ethyl 4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridin-11-ylidene) -1-piperidinecarboxylate loratadine Claritin
2-acetoxybenzoic acid acetylsalicylic acid Aspirin
3-(2-methoxyphenoxy)propane-1,2-diol guaifenesin Mucinex
2-(diphenylmethoxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine hydrochloride diphenhydramine Benadryl
3-[(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl]-6-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-2,4-dimethyl-phenol hydrochloride oxymetazoline Visine
(3R,5R)-7-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-phenyl-4-(phenylcarbamoyl)-5-propan-2-ylpyrrol-1-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoic acid atorvastatin Lipitor
4,5α-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one tartrate (1:1) hydrate (2:5) acetaminophen and hydrocodone Vicodin

Talaan ng mga lapi at puno ng pangalan ng gamot[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Isang komprehensibong talaan ang makikita sa National Library of Medicine[4] o sa Appendix VII ng Diksyunaryong USP.

Puno Klase ng gamot Halimbawa
-vir Antiviral drug[2] aciclovir
-cillin Penicillin-derived antibiotics penicillin, carbenicillin, oxacillin[5]
cef- Cephem-type antibiotics cefazolin
-mab Monoclonal antibodies[2] trastuzumab, ipilimumab
-ximab Chimeric antibody that responds to more than one antigen[2] infliximab
-zumab humanized antibody[6] natalizumab, bevacizumab
-tinib Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors[2] erlotinib, crizotinib
-vastatin HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor[2] atorvastatin
-prazole Proton-pump inhibitor[2] omeprazole
-lukast Leukotriene receptor antagonists[2] zafirlukast, montelukast
-grel- Platelet aggregation inhibitor[2] clopidogrel, ticagrelor
-axine Dopamine and serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor[2] venlafaxine
-oxetine Antidepressant related to fluoxetine[2] duloxetine, reboxetine
-sartan Angiotensin receptor antagonists[2] losartan, valsartan
-pril Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor[2] captopril, lisinopril
-oxacin Quinolone-derived antibiotics levofloxacin, moxifloxacin
-barb- Barbiturates Phenobarbital, secobarbital
-xaban Direct Xa inhibitor apixaban, rivaroxaban
-afil Inhibitor of PDE5 with vasodilator action sildenafil, tadalafil
-prost Prostaglandin analogue latanoprost, travoprost
-ine chemical substance atropine, quinine

Talababa[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. "How drugs are named". UCB. 2011-12-09. Hinango noong 2013-01-01.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 "Generic naming". American Medical Association. Hinango noong 2013-01-01.
  3. Lowe, Derek (23 October 2006). "Experimental Compound Codes". Science. Hinango noong 20 November 2015.
  4. "Generic Name Stems". National Library of Medicine.
  5. "Penicillin". Drugs.com. 2010-12-15. Hinango noong 2013-01-01.
  6. Gylys BA; Wedding ME (2005). "-zumab". Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary/medical Terminology: A Systems Approach. Medicus Media. p. 2371. ISBN 0803613245.