Nomenklatura ng gamot

Mula sa Wikipedia, ang malayang ensiklopedya

Ang nomenklatura ng mga gamot ay isang nomenklatura ng mga gamot, lalo na sa mga medikasyon. May tatlong pangalan ang gamot, sa pangkalahatan: pangalang kemikal, na kung saan ang napakahalaga ay ang pangalang IUPAC; henerikong pangalan, na kung saan ang napakahalaga ay ang International Nonproprietary Names (INN); at ang tatak pangkalakal, na kung saan ay markang pangalan.[1] Binubuo ang mga henerikong pangalan ng mga gamot sa lapi at mga puno na naguuri sa gamot sa ibat-ibang kategorya at hinihiwalay din nito ang gamot sa mga kategoryang ito.[2] Maaaring magkaroon ng kodigo ng kompanya ang mga naibebentang gamot.[3]

Ang talaan sa ibaba ay ang magbibigay ng halimbawa ng tatlong uri ng pangalan.

Halimbawa ng ibat-ibang pangalan ng gamot
Pangalang kemikal Pangalang heneriko Pangalang marka
N-acetyl-p-aminophenol paracetamol
acetaminophen (US, JP)
Tylenol
(RS)-2-(4-(2-methylpropyl)phenyl)propanoic acid ibuprofen Motrin
(2R,3S,4R,5R,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-13-[(2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-α-L-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-11-[[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-β-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy]-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one azithromycin Zithromax
ethyl 4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridin-11-ylidene) -1-piperidinecarboxylate loratadine Claritin
2-acetoxybenzoic acid acetylsalicylic acid Aspirin
3-(2-methoxyphenoxy)propane-1,2-diol guaifenesin Mucinex
2-(diphenylmethoxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine hydrochloride diphenhydramine Benadryl
3-[(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl]-6-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-2,4-dimethyl-phenol hydrochloride oxymetazoline Visine
(3R,5R)-7-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-phenyl-4-(phenylcarbamoyl)-5-propan-2-ylpyrrol-1-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoic acid atorvastatin Lipitor
4,5α-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one tartrate (1:1) hydrate (2:5) acetaminophen and hydrocodone Vicodin

Talaan ng mga lapi at puno ng pangalan ng gamot[baguhin | baguhin ang source]

Isang komprehensibong talaan ang makikita sa National Library of Medicine[4] o sa Appendix VII ng Diksyunaryong USP.

Puno Klase ng gamot Halimbawa
-vir Antiviral drug[2] aciclovir
-cillin Penicillin-derived antibiotics penicillin, carbenicillin, oxacillin[5]
cef- Cephem-type antibiotics cefazolin
-mab Monoclonal antibodies[2] trastuzumab, ipilimumab
-ximab Chimeric antibody that responds to more than one antigen[2] infliximab
-zumab humanized antibody[6] natalizumab, bevacizumab
-tinib Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors[2] erlotinib, crizotinib
-vastatin HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor[2] atorvastatin
-prazole Proton-pump inhibitor[2] omeprazole
-lukast Leukotriene receptor antagonists[2] zafirlukast, montelukast
-grel- Platelet aggregation inhibitor[2] clopidogrel, ticagrelor
-axine Dopamine and serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor[2] venlafaxine
-oxetine Antidepressant related to fluoxetine[2] duloxetine, reboxetine
-sartan Angiotensin receptor antagonists[2] losartan, valsartan
-pril Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor[2] captopril, lisinopril
-oxacin Quinolone-derived antibiotics levofloxacin, moxifloxacin
-barb- Barbiturates Phenobarbital, secobarbital
-xaban Direct Xa inhibitor apixaban, rivaroxaban
-afil Inhibitor of PDE5 with vasodilator action sildenafil, tadalafil
-prost Prostaglandin analogue latanoprost, travoprost
-ine chemical substance atropine, quinine

Talababa[baguhin | baguhin ang source]

  1. "How drugs are named". UCB. 2011-12-09. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 2013-05-31. Nakuha noong 2013-01-01. Naka-arkibo 2013-05-31 sa Wayback Machine.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 "Generic naming". American Medical Association. Nakuha noong 2013-01-01.
  3. Lowe, Derek (23 October 2006). "Experimental Compound Codes". Science. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 21 Nobiyembre 2015. Nakuha noong 20 November 2015. {{cite web}}: Pakitingnan ang mga petsa sa: |archive-date= (tulong) Naka-arkibo 21 November 2015[Date mismatch] sa Wayback Machine.
  4. "Generic Name Stems". National Library of Medicine.
  5. "Penicillin". Drugs.com. 2010-12-15. Nakuha noong 2013-01-01.
  6. Gylys BA; Wedding ME (2005). "-zumab". Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary/medical Terminology: A Systems Approach. Medicus Media. pa. 2371. ISBN 0803613245.