Pekeng balita

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Three running men carrying papers with the labels "Humbug News", "Fake News", and "Cheap Sensation".
Ang mga mamamahayagna may iba't ibang uri ng "pekeng balita" mula sa ilustrasyon ng 1894 ni Frederick Burr Opper

Ang pekeng balita (Ingles: fake news, junk news, pseudo-news, alternative facts, hoax news)[1][2] ay uri ng balita na binubuo ng sinasadyang disimpormasyon o panlilinlang na kinakalat sa pamamagitan ng tradisyonal na midyang pambalita (inilimbag at ibinrodkast) o sosyal midya online.[3][4] Ibinalik at ipinataas ng balitang digital ang paggamit ng pekeng balita o dilaw na pamamahayag.[5] Kadalasan, umaalingawngaw ang balita bilang maling impormasyon sa sosyal midya ngunit paminsan-minsan, nakararating din ito sa pangunahing midya.[6]

Karaniwang isinusulat at inilalathala ang pekeng balita na may layuning magpaligaw upang masiraan ang isang ahensya, entidad, o tao, at/o makinabang sa pananalapi o pulitika,[7][8][9] kadalasang gumagamit ng mga kahindik-hindik, hindi tapat, o tahas na gawa-gawang ulong-balita upang dumami ang mambabasa. Sa gayunding paraan, kumikita ang mga kuwentong at ulong-balitang clickbait ng rentas sa pamadya sa aktibidad na ito.[7]

Talasanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. Bartolotta, Devin (9 December 2016), "Hillary Clinton Warns About Hoax News On Social Media", WJZ-TV, nakuha noong 11 December 2016
  2. Wemple, Erik (8 December 2016), "Facebook's Sheryl Sandberg says people don't want 'hoax' news. Really?", The Washington Post, nakuha noong 11 December 2016
  3. Tufekci, Zeynep (January 16, 2018). "It's the (Democracy-Poisoning) Golden Age of Free Speech". Wired.
  4. Leonhardt, David; Thompson, Stuart A. (June 23, 2017). "Trump's Lies". New York Times. Nakuha noong June 23, 2017.
  5. Soll, Jacob (2016-12-18). "The Long and Brutal History of Fake News". POLITICO Magazine (sa wikang Ingles). Nakuha noong 2019-03-25.
  6. Himma-Kadakas, Marju (July 2017). "Alternative facts and fake news entering journalistic content production cycle". Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal. 9 (2): 25–41. doi:10.5130/ccs.v9i2.5469.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Hunt, Elle (December 17, 2016). "What is fake news? How to spot it and what you can do to stop it". The Guardian. Nakuha noong January 15, 2017.
  8. Schlesinger, Robert (April 14, 2017). "Fake News in Reality". U.S. News & World Report.
  9. "The Real Story of 'Fake News': The term seems to have emerged around the end of the 19th century". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved October 13, 2017.