Shogunatong Ashikaga

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Ashikaga Shogunate

足利幕府
Ashikaga Bakufu
1338–1573
Mon ng Ashikaga Shogunate
KabiseraKyoto
Karaniwang wikaLate Middle Japanese
Relihiyon
Shinbutsu shūgō
PamahalaanFeudal military dictatorship
Emperor 
• 1332–1334
Kōgon
• 1557–1586
Ōgimachi
Shogun 
• 1338–1358
Ashikaga Takauji
• 1568–1573
Ashikaga Yoshiaki
Kasaysayan 
• Naitatag
August 11 1338
• Surrender of Emperor Go-Kameyama
October 15, 1392
• Ōnin War
1467–1477
• Oda Nobunaga captures Kyoto
September 2 1573
SalapiMon
Pinalitan
Pumalit
Kenmu restoration
Ashikaga clan
Azuchi-Momoyama period

Ang Shogunatong Ashikaga (足利幕府, Ashikaga bakufu, 1336–1573) na kilala rin bilang Shogunatong Muromachi (室町幕府, Muromachi bakufu),[1] ay isang dinastiya na nagmula sa isa sa maraming mga daimyo na namuno sa Hapon mula 1338 hanggang 1573 sa taong pinatalsik ni Oda Nobunaga si Ashikaga Yoshiaki mula sa puwesto at pinag-isa ang Hapon. Ang mga pinuno ng pamahalaan ang mga shogun. [2] Each was a member of the Ashikaga clan.[3]

Ang panahong ito ay kilala rin bilang panahong Muromachi. Ang pangalan nito ay hinango mula sa distritong Muromachi ng Kyoto. Itinatatag ng ikatlong shogun na si Ashikaga Yoshimitsu ang kanyang tirahan sa kalye Muromachi. Ang tirahang ito ay pinalayawang "Hana no Gosho" (花の御所) o "Palasyong Bulaklak" na itinayo noong 1379 dahil sa kasaganaan ng bulaklak ng tanawin nito.

Talaan ng mga shogun na Ashikaga[baguhin | baguhin ang source]

  1. Ashikaga Takauji, namuno noong 1338–1358[4]
  2. Ashikaga Yoshiakira, namuno noong 1359–1368[5]
  3. Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, namuno noong 1368–1394[6]
  4. Ashikaga Yoshimochi, namuno noong 1395–1423[7]
  5. Ashikaga Yoshikazu, namuno noong 1423–1425[8]
  6. Ashikaga Yoshinori, namuno noong 1429–1441[9]
  7. Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, namuno noong 1442–1443[10]
  8. Ashikaga Yoshimasa, namuno noong 1449–1473[11]
  9. Ashikaga Yoshihisa, namuno noong 1474–1489[12]
  10. Ashikaga Yoshitane, namuno noong 1490–1493, 1508–1521[13]
  11. Ashikaga Yoshizumi, namuno noong 1494–1508[14]
  12. Ashikaga Yoshiharu, namuno noong 1521–1546[15]
  13. Ashikaga Yoshiteru, namuno noong 1546–1565[16]
  14. Ashikaga Yoshihide, namuno noong 1568[17]
  15. Ashikaga Yoshiaki, namuno noong 1568–1573[18]

Mga sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Muromachi-jidai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 669.
  2. Nussbaum, "Shogun" at pp. 878-879.
  3. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga" at pp. 53-54.
  4. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Takauji" at p. 55.
  5. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiakira" at p. 55.
  6. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Ysohimitsu" at p. 56.
  7. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimochi" at p. 56.
  8. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikazu" at p. 56.
  9. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshinori" at p. 56.
  10. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikatsu" at p. 56.
  11. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimasa" at p. 56; Ackroyd, p. 298; n.b., Shogun Yoshimasa was succeeded by Shogun Yoshihisa (Yoshimasa's natural son), then by Shogun Yoshitane (Yoshimasa's first adopted son), and then by Shogun Yoshizumi (Yoshimasa's second adopted son)
  12. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshihisa" at p. 56.
  13. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshitane" at p. 57; Ackroyd, p. 385 n104; excerpt, "Some apparent contradictions exist in various versions of the pedigree owing to adoptions and name-changes. Yoshitsuna (sometimes also read Yoshikore) changed his name and was adopted by Yoshitane. Some pedigrees show Yoshitsuna as Yoshizumi's son, and Yoshifuyu as Yoshizumi's son."
  14. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshizumi" at p. 57.
  15. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiharu" at p. 55.
  16. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiteru" at p. 57.
  17. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshihide" at p. 56.
  18. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiaki" at p. 55.