Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania

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Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
SinundanZion's Watch Tower Tract Society
ItinatagPittsburgh, Pennsylvania (15 Disyembre 1884 (1884-12-15))
(Mga) nagtatagCharles Taze Russell
Punong tanggapanBrooklyn, New York,
United States

Ang Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania ay isang hindi-stock, hindi-nakikinabang na organisasyon[1] na naka-headquarter sa New York City borough ng Brooklyn, Estados Unidos. Ito ang pangunahing legal na entidad na ginagamit sa buong mundo ng Mga Saksi ni Jehova upang maggabay, mangasiwa at magpaunlad ng mga doktrina para sa samahang ito. Ito ay kadalasang tinatawag ng mga kasapi nito bilang "the Society". Ito ang magulang na organisasyon ng isang bilang ng mga subsidiyaryong Watch Tower kabilang ang Watchtower Society of New York and International Bible Students Association.[2] Membership of the society is limited to between 300 and 500 "mature, active and faithful" male Jehovah's Witnesses.[3] Ang mga 5800 Saksi ni Jehovah ay nagbibigay ng boluntaryo at hindi binabayarang trabaho bilang mga kasapi ng isang relihiyosong orden sa tatlong malalaking pasilidad ng Watch Tower Society sa New York;[4] Ang halos 15,000 ibang miyembro ng orden ay nagtatrabaho sa ibang mga pasilidad ng Watch Tower Society sa buong mundo.[4][5][6]

Ang organisasyong ito ay binuo noong 1881,[1] bilang Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society para sa tungkuling pamamahagi ng mga traktong relihiyoso. Ang society ay ininkorpora sa Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania noong Disyembre 15, 1884. Noong 1896, ang society ay muling pinangalanang Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.[7] Pagkatapos ng isang alitan sa pagkapinuno sa Bible Student movement, ang Watch Tower Society ay nananatiling nauugnay sa isang sangay ng Bible Student movement na nakilala bilang mga Jehovah's Witnesses (Mga Saksi ni Jehova). Noong 1955, ang korporasyon ay muling pinangalanang Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania.[8] Noong 1976, ang lahat ng mga gawain ng Watch Tower Society ay ipinailalim sa pangangasiwa ng Nangangasiwang Katawan ng mga Saksi ni Jehova.[9]

Mga sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pennsylvania Department of State.
  2. Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society 1959, p. 49
  3. Jehovah's Witnesses—Proclaimers of God's Kingdom. p. 229.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Jehovahs loses comp case: Church may be forced to pay millions", New York Daily News, January 6, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2009. Maling banggit (Invalid <ref> tag; name "compcase" defined multiple times with different content); $2
  5. Yearbook, Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 2009.
  6. Yearbook, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, 2012, page 55.
  7. "Report for Fiscal Year", Watch Tower, December 1, 1896, page 301, Reprints page 2077 Retrieved 2010-03-30, "WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY. REPORT FOR FISCAL YEAR ENDING DEC. 1, 1896. ALTHOUGH the above has been the recognized name of our Society for some four years, it was not until this year that the Board of Directors took the proper steps to have the name legally changed from ZION'S WATCH TOWER TRACT SOCIETY to that above. The new name seems to be in every way preferable."
  8. "Development of the Organization Structure", Jehovah's Witnesses – Proclaimers of God's Kingdom, 1993 Watch Tower, page 229, "Zion’s Watch Tower Tract Society. First formed in 1881 and then legally incorporated in the state of Pennsylvania on December 15, 1884. In 1896 its name was changed to Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society. Since 1955 it has been known as Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania."
  9. Franz 2007, pp. 80–107