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Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya
(see other local names)
Salawikain: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrito)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Awit: "Jana Gana Mana"[2][3]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[4][2]
National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrito)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][2]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green; regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green

KabiseraNew Delhi
28°36′50″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61389°N 77.20833°E / 28.61389; 77.20833
Pinakamalaking lungsod
Opisyal na wika
Kinilalang pambansang wikaNone[8][9][10]
Kinilalang wikang panrehiyon
Native languages447 languages[c]
Rehiliyon
(2011)
See Religion in India
KatawaganIndian
Katayuan
PamahalaanFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Ram Nath Kovind
Venkaiah Naidu
Narendra Modi
N. V. Ramana
Om Birla
LehislaturaParliament
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Independence 
• Dominion
15 August 1947
• Republic
26 January 1950
Lawak
• Kabuuan
3,287,263[2] km2 (1,269,219 mi kuw)[d] (7th)
• Katubigan (%)
9.6
Populasyon
• Pagtataya sa 2016
Padron:IncreaseNeutral 1,324,171,354[15] (2nd)
• Senso ng 2011
1,210,854,977[16][17] (2nd)
• Kapal
[convert: invalid number] (19th)
GDP (PPP)Pagtataya sa 2021
• Kabuuan
Increase $10.207 trillion[18] (3rd)
• Kada kapita
Increase $7,333[18] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)Pagtataya sa 2021
• Kabuuan
Increase $3.050 trillion[18] (6th)
• Kada kapita
Increase $2,191[18] (145th)
Gini (2013)33.9[19]
katamtaman · 79th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.645[20]
katamtaman · ika-131
SalapiIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
Sona ng orasUTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Ayos ng petsa
Kuryente230 V–50 Hz
Pagmaneholeft[21]
Kodigong pantelepono+91
Kodigo sa ISO 3166IN
Internet TLD.in (others)
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 National Informatics Centre 2005.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "National Symbols | National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 4 February 2017. Nakuha noong 1 March 2017. The National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
  3. "National anthem of India: a brief on 'Jana Gana Mana'". News18. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 17 April 2019. Nakuha noong 7 June 2019.
  4. Wolpert 2003, p. 1.
  5. Ministry of Home Affairs 1960.
  6. "Profile | National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 30 August 2013. Nakuha noong 23 August 2013.
  7. "Constitutional Provisions – Official Language Related Part-17 of the Constitution of India". Government of India (sa wikang Hindi). Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 18 April 2021. Nakuha noong 18 April 2021.
  8. Maling banggit (Hindi tamang <ref> tag; walang binigay na teksto para sa refs na may pangalang Times News Network); $2
  9. Maling banggit (Hindi tamang <ref> tag; walang binigay na teksto para sa refs na may pangalang NoneNtl); $2
  10. Maling banggit (Hindi tamang <ref> tag; walang binigay na teksto para sa refs na may pangalang Press Trust of India); $2
  11. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Tinago mula sa orihinal (PDF) noong 8 July 2016. Nakuha noong 26 December 2014.
  12. Lewis, M. Paul; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., mga pat. (2014). "Ethnologue: Languages of the World (Seventeenth edition) : India". Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Nakuha noong 15 December 2014.
  13. Ethnologue : Languages of the World (Seventeenth edition) : Statistical Summaries Naka-arkibo 17 December 2014 sa Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  14. Maling banggit (Hindi tamang <ref> tag; walang binigay na teksto para sa refs na may pangalang Census2011religion); $2
  15. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Nakuha noong 10 September 2017.
  16. "Population Enumeration Data (Final Population)". 2011 Census Data. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 22 May 2016. Nakuha noong 17 June 2016.
  17. "A – 2 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901" (PDF). 2011 Census Data. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Tinago mula sa orihinal (PDF) noong 30 April 2016. Nakuha noong 17 June 2016.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. April 2021. Nakuha noong 6 April 2021.
  19. "Income Gini coefficient". United Nations Development Programme. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 10 June 2010. Nakuha noong 14 January 2017.
  20. "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF) (sa wikang Ingles). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. Nakuha noong 15 December 2020.
  21. "List of all left- & right-driving countries around the world". worldstandards.eu. 13 May 2020. Nakuha noong 10 June 2020.


Maling banggit (May <ref> tag na ang grupong "lower-alpha", pero walang nakitang <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag para rito); $2