Imperyong Neo-Asiryo

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Imperyong Neo-Asiryo

 

 

 

934 BCE–609 BCE
 

 

Mapa ng Imperyong Neo-Asiryo at paglawak nito.
Kabisera Assur 934 BCE
Nineveh 706 BCE
Harran 612 BC
Wika Akkadian, Aramaic
Relihiyon Henotheism
Pamahalaan Monarchy
King
 - 934–912 BCE Ashur-dan II (first)
 - 612–609 BCE Ashur-uballit II (last)
Makasaysayang panahon Iron Age
 - Reign of Ashur-dan II 934 BCE
 - Battle of Nineveh 612 BCE
 - Battle of Megiddo 609 BCE
Bahagi ngayon ng  Iraq
 Syria
 Turkey
 Egypt
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
 Iran
 Kuwait
 Lebanon
 Palestinian Authority
 Israel
 Cyprus
 Armenia
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply
Bahagi ng isang serye tungkol sa
Kasaysayan ng Iraq
Detail from the Ishtar Gate
Sinaunang Iraq
Klasikong Iraq
Mediebal Iraq
Modernong Iraq
Republiak ng Iraq
Portal icon Iraq

Ang Imperyong Neo-Asiryo ang imperyo sa kasaysayan ng Mesopotamia na nagsimula noong 934 BCE at nagwakas noong 609 BCE.[1] Sa panahong ito, ang Asirya ang naging pinakamakapangyarihang estado sa mundo na nadaig pa sa pananaig ang mga Babylonia, Sinaunang Ehipto, Urartu/Armenia[2] at Elam sa pananaig sa Sinaunang Malapit na Silangan, Asya menor, silangang Mediterraneo. Sa panahon ni Tiglath-Pileser III noong ika-8 siglo BCE[3][4] nang ito ay naging isang malawakang imperyo. Sinundan ng Imperyong Neo-Asiryo ang Panahong Gitnang Asiryo at Gitnang Imperyong Asiryo (ika-14 hanggang ika-10 BCE). Itinuturing ng ilang mga skolar gaya ni Richard Nelson Frye ang imperyong Neo-Asiryo bilang ang unang tunay na imperyo sa kasaysayan ng tao.[5] Sa panahong iyon, ang wikang Aramaiko ang ginawang opisyal nawika ng Imperyong Neo-Asiryo kasama ng Wikang Akkadiano. [5]

Mga sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. "National and Ethnic Identity in the Neo-Assyrian Empire and Assyrian Identity in Post-Empire Times" (PDF). Assyriology. Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, Vol 18, N0. 2. 2004. http://www.jaas.org/edocs/v18n2/Parpola-identity_Article%20-Final.pdf. "The Neo-Assyrian Empire (934-609 BC) was a multi-ethnic state composed of many peoples and tribes of different origins." 
  2. http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/obelisk.html
  3. Assyrian Eponym List
  4. Tadmor, H. (1994). The Inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser III, King of Assyria.pp.29
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Assyria and Syria: Synonyms". PhD., Harvard University. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 1992. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KesgkBziUs. "And the ancient Assyrian empire, was the first real, empire in history. What do I mean, it had many different peoples included in the empire, all speaking Aramaic, and becoming what may be called, "Assyrian citizens." That was the first time in history, that we have this. For example, Elamite musicians, were brought to Nineveh, and they were 'made Assyrians' which means, that Assyria, was more than a small country, it was the empire, the whole Fertile Crescent."