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Unipartidismo

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(Idinirekta mula sa Isang-partidong estado)

Ang unipartidismo ay sistema ng pamamahala kung saan isang partidong pampolitika ang tanging kumokontrol sa naghaharing sistema.[1] Ang lahat ng iba pang partido ay maaaring ipinagbabawal o tinatangkilik lamang ang limitado at kontroladong paglahok sa halalan. Minsan ang terminong "de facto one-party state" ay ginagamit upang ilarawan ang isang dominant-party system na, hindi katulad ng one-party state, ay nagpapahintulot (kahit nominally) ang demokratikong multiparty na halalan, ngunit ang umiiral na ang mga gawi o balanse ng kapangyarihang pampulitika ay epektibong pumipigil sa oposisyon na manalo ng kapangyarihan.

Bagaman ito ay nauna sa 1714 hanggang 1783 "panahon ng Whig oligarchy" sa Great Britain,[2] ang panuntunan ng Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) sa Imperyong Otomano kasunod ng kudeta noong 1913 ay madalas na itinuturing na unang one-party state.[3]

Current one-party states[baguhin | baguhin ang wikitext]

As of 2024 the following countries are legally constituted as one-party states:

Country Head of party Leader title Party Ideology Date of establishment Duration Notes
China[4]
Xi Jinping
General Secretary Padron:CCP flag Socialism with Chinese characteristics 1 October 1949 74 taon, 266 araw
Cuba[5]
Miguel Díaz-Canel
First Secretary Communist Party of Cuba Marxism–Leninism, Castroism, Guevarism, Left-wing nationalism 16 April 1961 63 taon, 68 araw
Eritrea[6]
Isaias Afwerki
Chairperson People's Front for Democracy and Justice Eritrean nationalism, Statism 24 May 1993 31 taon, 30 araw
Laos[7]
Thongloun Sisoulith
General Secretary Lao People's Revolutionary Party Kaysone Phomvihane Thought 2 December 1975 48 taon, 204 araw
North Korea[8]
Kim Jong-un
General Secretary Workers' Party of Korea Kimilsungism–Kimjongilism 9 September 1948 75 taon, 288 araw Leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Brahim Ghali
Secretary General Polisario Front Sahrawi nationalism, Social democracy 27 February 1976 48 taon, 117 araw Non-member state of the United Nations, headquartered in Algeria
Vietnam[9]
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
General Secretary Communist Party of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Thought 2 July 1976 47 taon, 357 araw
  1. {{Cite book |last1=Clark |first1=William Roberts |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=2KFvJwi8_jwC&pg=PA611 |title=Principles of Comparative Politics |last2=Golder |first2=Matt |last3=Golder |first3=Sona Nadenichek |date=23 Marso 2012 |publisher=SAGE |isbn=9781608716791 |pages=611 |language=en}
  2. Holmes, Geoffrey ; at Szechi, D. (2014). Ang Edad ng Oligarkiya: Pre-Industrial Britain 1722–1783. Routledge. p. xi. ISBN 131789426X. ISBN 978-1317894261.
  3. Bozarslan, Hamit (2019). "Afterword: Talaat's Empire: Isang Atrasadong Bansa, ngunit Isang Estado na Nauna sa Panahon". End of the Ottomans - The Genocide of 1915 and the Politics of Turkish Nationalism (sa wikang Filipino). I. B. Tauris. p. 330. ISBN 978-1-7867-3604-8.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  4. "China", The World Factbook (sa wikang Ingles), Central Intelligence Agency, 2023-01-26, nakuha noong 2023-02-05{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  5. Roman, Peter (2003). People's Power: Cuba's Experience with Representative Government. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7425-2564-3.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  6. "Eritreans hope for democracy after peace deal with Ethiopia". BBC News (sa wikang Ingles). 2018-07-17. Nakuha noong 2023-02-05.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  7. "Laos: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report". Freedom House (sa wikang Ingles). Nakuha noong 2023-02-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  8. "North Korea: Country Profile". Freedom House (sa wikang Ingles). Nakuha noong 2023-02-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  9. "Vietnam: Country Profile". Freedom House (sa wikang Ingles). 30 Marso 2022. Nakuha noong 2023-02-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)