Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos

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Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
ItinatagMarso 4, 1789
BansaEstados Unidos
LokasyonWashington, D.C.
Mga koordinado38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Mga koordinado: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Paraang komposisyonNominasyon ng Pangulo ng Estados Unidos na kinukumpirma ng Senado ng Estados Unidos
Pinagmulan ng kapangyarihanSaligang Batas ng Estados Unidos
Tagal ng termino ng hukomHabambuhay
Bilang ng mga posisyon9, ayon sa batas
Websitesupremecourt.gov
Punong Mahistrado ng Estados Unidos
CurrentlyJohn Roberts
Since29 Setyembre 2005

Ang Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos ay ang pinakamataas na hukuman sa Estados Unidos. Ito ay may huli (at malaking diskresyonaryong) apeladong hurisdiksiyon sa lahat ng mga hukumang pederal ng Estados Unidos at sa mga kaso ng hukumang pang-estado na kinasasangkutan ng mga isyu ng batas pederal sa isang maliit na saklaw ng mga kaso.[1] Nagpupulong ang Hukuman sa Gusali ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos sa Washington, D.C.

Binubuo ang Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng isang Punong Mahistrado at mga walong katulong na mahistrado na hinihirang ng Pangulo ng Estados Unidos at kinukumpirma ng Senado ng Estados Unidos. Kapag nahirang, habambuhay ang taning ng isang mahistrado maliban kung nagbitiw, nagretiro o inalis ito pagkatapos ng pagsasakdal (impeachment).[2][3]

Mga kasapi[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Mga kasalukuyang mahistrado[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Justice /
birthdate and place
Appointed by SCV Age at Start date /
length of service
Previous position or office
(most recent prior to joining the Court)
Succeeded
Start Present
File-Official roberts CJ cropped.jpg Roberts, JohnJohn Roberts
Enero 27, 1955
Buffalo, New York
Bush, GWG. W. Bush 78–22 50 &0000000000000067.00000067 Setyembre 29, 2005
17 taon, 4 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (2003–2005) Rehnquist
Clarence Thomas, official SCOTUS portrait, crop.jpg Thomas, ClarenceClarence Thomas
Hunyo 23, 1948
Pin Point, Georgia
Bush, GHWG. H. W. Bush 52–48 43 &0000000000000074.00000074 Oktubre 23, 1991
30 taon, 345 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (1990–1991) Marshall
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, official SCOTUS portrait, crop.jpg Ginsburg, Ruth BaderRuth Bader Ginsburg
Marso 15, 1933
Brooklyn, New York
Clinton, Bill Clinton 96–3 60 &0000000000000089.00000089 Agosto 10, 1993
29 taon, 54 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (1980–1993) White
Stephen Breyer official SCOTUS portrait crop.jpg Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer
Agosto 15, 1938
San Francisco, California
Clinton, Bill Clinton 87–9 55 &0000000000000084.00000084 Agosto 3, 1994
28 taon, 61 araw
Chief Judge, Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (1990–1994) Blackmun
Samuel Alito official photo (cropped).jpg Alito, SamuelSamuel Alito
Abril 1, 1950
Trenton, New Jersey
Bush, GWG. W. Bush 58–42 55 &0000000000000072.00000072 Enero 31, 2006
16 taon, 245 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (1990–2006) O'Connor
Sonia Sotomayor in SCOTUS robe crop.jpg Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor
Hunyo 25, 1954
The Bronx, New York
Obama, Barack Obama 68–31 55 &0000000000000068.00000068 Agosto 8, 2009
13 taon, 56 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1998–2009) Souter
Elena Kagan-1-1.jpg Kagan, ElenaElena Kagan
Abril 28, 1960
Manhattan, New York
Obama, Barack Obama 63–37 50 &0000000000000062.00000062 Agosto 7, 2010
12 taon, 59 araw
Solicitor General of the United States (2009–2010) Stevens
Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch Official Portrait (cropped 2).jpg Gorsuch, NeilNeil Gorsuch
Agosto 29, 1967
Denver, Colorado
Trump, Donald Trump 54–45 49 &0000000000000055.00000055 Abril 10, 2017
5 taon, 176 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (2006–2017) Scalia
Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh Official Portrait.jpg Kavanaugh, BrettBrett Kavanaugh
Pebrero 12, 1965
Washington, D.C.
Trump, Donald Trump 50–48 53 &0000000000000057.00000057 Oktubre 6, 2018
3 taon, 362 araw
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (2006–2018) Kennedy
Padron:In5Source: [4]

Length of tenure[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

This graphical timeline depicts the length of each current Supreme Court justice's tenure (not seniority) on the Court:

Mga retiradong mahistrado[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Justice /
Birthdate and place
Appointed by Retired under Age at Tenure
Start Retirement Present Start date End date Length
Sandra Day O'Connor.jpg Sandra Day O'Connor
Marso 26, 1930
El Paso, Texas
Reagan, Ronald Reagan Bush, GWG. W. Bush 51 75 &0000000000000092.00000092 Setyembre 25, 1981 Enero 31, 2006 24 taon, 128 araw
Anthony Kennedy official SCOTUS portrait crop.jpg Kennedy, AnthonyAnthony Kennedy
Hulyo 23, 1936
Sacramento, California
Reagan, Ronald Reagan Trump, Donald Trump 51 82 &0000000000000086.00000086 Pebrero 18, 1988 Hulyo 31, 2018 30 taon, 163 araw
DavidSouter.jpg David Souter
Setyembre 17, 1939
Melrose, Massachusetts
Bush, GHWG. H. W. Bush Obama, Barack Obama 51 69 &0000000000000083.00000083 Oktubre 9, 1990 Hulyo 29, 2009 18 taon, 263 araw
Padron:In5Source: [4]

Mga sanggunian[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

  1. "A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court" (PDF). United States Supreme Court. Nakuha noong 2009-12-31.
  2. "U.S. Constitution, Article III, Section 1". Nakuha noong 2007-09-21.
  3. See, in dicta Northern Pipeline Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50, 59 (1982); United States ex rel. Toth v. Quarles, 350 U.S. 11, 16 (1955).
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Current Members". www.supremecourt.gov. Washington, D.C.: Supreme Court of the United States. Nakuha noong October 21, 2018.


PolitikaEstados Unidos Ang lathalaing ito na tungkol sa Politika at Estados Unidos ay isang usbong. Makatutulong ka sa Wikipedia sa pagpapalawig nito.