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Temporal range: Upper Cambrian–Recent[1]
Haeckel Bryozoa.jpg
"Bryozoa", from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904
Klasipikasyong pang-agham
Kingdom: Animalia
Superphylum: Lophotrochozoa (Halanych et al, 1995[2])
Phylum: Bryozoa (Ehrenberg, 1831[3]



Ectoprocta (Nitsche, 1869[4])

Ang Bryozoa ay isang phylum sa kahariang Animalia.

Sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. Landing, E.; English, A.; Keppie, J. D. (2010). "Cambrian origin of all skeletalized metazoan phyla--Discovery of Earth's oldest bryozoans (Upper Cambrian, southern Mexico)". Geology 38 (6): 547–550. doi:10.1130/G30870.1. ISSN 0091-7613. 
  2. Halanych, K.M.; Bacheller, JD; Aguinaldo, AM; Liva, SM; Hillis, DM; Lake, JA (1995). "Evidence from 18S ribosomal DNA that the lophophorates are protostome animals". Science 267 (5204): 1641–1643. doi:10.1126/science.7886451. PMID 7886451. 
  3. Ernst, A. (2007). "A cystoporate bryozoan species from the Zechstein (Late Permian)". Paläontologische Zeitschrift 81 (2): 113–117. doi:10.1007/BF02988385 (inactive 2009-11-14). 
  4. Fuchs, J.; Obst, M; Sundberg, P (July 2009). "The first comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Bryozoa (Ectoprocta) based on combined analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial genes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (1): 225–233. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.01.021. PMID 19475710. 

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