Kasaysayan ng sining: Pagkakaiba sa mga pagbabago

Jump to navigation Jump to search
dagdag
(pagsasalin)
(dagdag)
Ang '''kasaysayan ng sining''' (Ingles: '''''history of art''''') ay ang kasaysayan ng anumang gawain o produktong ginawa ng mga tao na nasa anyong makikita o mapagmamasan ng mga mata para sa mga layuning [[estetiko]] o pangkomunikasyon, na nagpapahayag ng mga ideya, mga damdamin o, sa pangkalahatan, isang [[worldview|pananaw na pandaigdigan]].
 
Sa paglipas ng panahon ang [[sining na mapagmamasdan]] (biswal na [[sining]]) ay iniuri sa iba't ibang mga paraan, magmula sa pagkakaibang midyebal sa pagitan ng [[liberal na sining]] at [[sining na mekanikal]], hanggang makabagong pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng [[pinong sinong]] at [[inilapat na sining]] o sa maraming mga kahulugang pangkasalukuyan, na nagbibigay ng kahulugan sa sining bilang isang pagpapakita ng pagkamalikhain ng tao. Ang sumunod na paglawak ng talaan ng ''pangunahing mga sining'' (mga sining na prinsipal) noong ika-20 daantaon ay umabot sa siyam: [[arkitektura]], [[paglililok]], [[musika]], [[pagpipinta]], [[panulaan]] (malawakang inilalarawan bilang isang anyo ng [[panitikan]] na mayroong layunin o tungkuling estetiko, na nagsasama rin ng magkakabukod na mga henero ng [[pagtatanghal]] at [[pagsasalaysay]], [[pelikula]], [[potograpiya]] at [[komiks]]. Idinagdag, sa makadiwang pagkakapatung-patong ng mga kataga sa pagitan ng [[plastik na sining]] at biswal na sining, ang [[disenyo]] at [[grapikong sining]]. Bilang dagdag sa lumang mga anyo ng pagpapahayag na makasining na katulad ng [[moda]] at [[gastronomiya]], isinasaalang-alang ang bagong mga gawi ng pagpapahayag bilang ''sining'' katulad ng [[bidyo]], [[dihital na sining|sining sa kompyuter]], [[sining na ginaganap|pagganap]], [[pagpapatalastas]], [[animasyon]], [[telebisyon]], at mga [[larong bidyo]].
<!---- Over time [[visual art]] [[art#Forms, genres, media and styles|has been classified in diverse ways]], from the medieval distinction between [[liberal arts]] and [[Artes Mechanicae|mechanical arts]], to the modern distinction between [[fine art]]s and [[applied arts]], or to the many contemporary definitions, which define art as a manifestation of human creativity. The subsequent expansion of the list of ''principal arts'' in the 20th century reached to nine: [[architecture]], [[dance]], [[sculpture]], [[music]], [[painting]], [[poetry]] (described broadly as a form of [[literature]] with aesthetic purpose or function, which also includes the distinct genres of [[theatre]] and [[narrative]]), [[film]], [[photography]] and [[comics]]. At the conceptual overlap of terms between [[plastic arts]] and [[visual arts]] were added [[design]] and [[graphic arts]]. In addition to the old forms of artistic expression such as [[fashion]] and [[gastronomy]], new modes of expression are being considered as ''arts'' such as [[video]], [[Digital art|computer art]], [[Performance art|performance]], [[advertising]], [[animation]], [[television]] and [[videogames]].
 
<!-------The History of art is a [[multidisciplinary science]], seeking an objective examination of art throughout time, classifying [[culture]]s, establishing [[periodization]]s and observing the distinctive and influential characteristics of art.<ref>Gardner, p.xlvi</ref> The [[art history|study of the history of art]] was initially developed in the [[Renaissance]], with its limited scope being the artistic production of [[western civilization]]. However, as time has passed, it has imposed a broader view of artistic history, seeking a comprehensive overview of all the [[civilization]]s and analysis of their artistic production in terms of their own cultural values ([[cultural relativism]]), and not just [[western art history]].
 
Today, art enjoys a wide network of study, dissemination and preservation of all the artistic legacy of mankind throughout history. The 20th century has seen the proliferation of institutions, foundations, [[art museums]] and [[art gallery|galleries]], in both the public and private sectors, dedicated to the analysis and cataloging of [[work of art|works of art]] as well as exhibitions aimed at a mainstream audience. The rise of [[media (communication)|media]] has been crucial in improving the study and dissemination of art. International events and exhibitions like the [[Whitney Biennial]] and biennales of [[Venice Biennale|Venice]] and [[São Paulo Art Biennial|São Paulo]] or the [[Documenta]] of [[Kassel]] have helped the development of new styles and trends. Prizes such as the [[Turner Prize|Turner]] of the [[Tate Gallery]], the [[Wolf Prize in Arts]], the [[Pritzker Architecture Prize|Pritzker Prize]] of architecture, the [[Pulitzer Prize|Pulitzer]] of photography and the [[Academy Award|Oscar]] of cinema also promote the best creative work on an international level. Institutions like [[UNESCO]], with the establishment of the [[World Heritage Site]] lists, also help the conservation of the major monuments of the planet.<ref>Onians (2008), p. 316-317.</ref>
166,389

edits

Nav menu