Partido Demokrata (Estados Unidos)

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Democratic Party
TagapanguloJaime Harrison (SC)
U.S. PresidentJoe Biden (DE)
U.S. Vice PresidentKamala Harris (CA)
Senate Majority LeaderChuck Schumer (NY)
Speaker of the HouseNancy Pelosi (CA)
House Majority LeaderSteny Hoyer (MD)[a]
Itinatag8 Enero 1828; 194 taon na'ng nakalipas (1828-01-08)[1]
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Humalili saDemocratic-Republican Party
Punong-tanggapan430 South Capitol St. SE,
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Pangkat mag-aaral
Pangakabataang BagwisYoung Democrats of America
Overseas wingDemocrats Abroad
Bilang ng kasapi  (2021)Decrease 47,019,985[2]
Palakuruan
Opisyal na kulay     Blue
Seats in the Senate
48 / 100[b]
Seats in the House of Representatives
220 / 435
State governorships
22 / 50
Seats in state upper chambers
861 / 1,972
Seats in state lower chambers
2,432 / 5,411
Territorial governorships
3 / 5
Seats in territorial upper chambers
31 / 97
Seats in territorial lower chambers
8 / 91
Simbolong panghalalan
Democratic Disc.svg
Logo
US Democratic Party Logo.svg
Website
democrats.org

Ang Partido Demokrata (Ingles: Democratic Party) ay isa sa dalawang pangunahing kontemporaneong partidong pampolitika sa Estados Unidos. Itinatag noong 1828, kalakhan itong itinatag ni Martin Van Buren, na nagtipon ng malawak na kadre ng mga politiko sa bawat estado sa likod ng bayani ng digmaan na si Andrew Jackson, na ginagawa itong pinakamatandang aktibong partidong pampolitika sa mundo.[11][12][13] Ang pangunahing karibal nito sa politika ay ang Partido Republikano mula noong 1850s. Ang partido ay kilala bilang isang malaking tolda,[14] na may sentrista, konserbatibo, liberal, at progresibong mga paksiyon sa ideolohiya.[15][16] Ang partido ay tradisyonal na hindi gaanong pare-pareho sa ideolohiya kaysa sa Partidong Republikano (na may mga pangunahing indibidwal sa loob nito na madalas na may malawak na magkakaibang pananaw sa politika) dahil sa mas malawak na talaan ng mga natatanging bloke ng pagboto na bumubuo nito.[17][18][19]

Ang makasaysayang hinalinhan ng Partido Demokrata ay itinuturing na partido Demokrata-Republikano. Bago ang 1860, sinuportahan ng Partido Demokrata ang makapangyarihang ehekutibong pamamahala, ang kapangyarihang aalipin, agraryanismo, ekspansiyonismo, at Manifiesto ng Kapalaran. Matindi nitong tinutulan ang pagtatatag ng isang pambansang bangko, proteksyonismo, at ang mga pananaw ng kanilang mga katunggali sa partido Pambansang Republikano at partido Whig, na kabaligtaran ay pumabor sa mga konserbatibong prinsipyo, pangingibabaw ng kongreso sa paggawa ng batas, at malakas na proteksiyon laban sa mayoritaryanismo.[20]

Mga sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang source]

  1. Cole, Donald B. (1970). Jacksonian Democracy in New Hampshire, 1800–1851. Harvard University Press. pa. 69. ISBN 978-0-67-428368-8.
  2. Winger, Richard. "December 2021 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Nakuha noong January 20, 2022.
  3. Maling banggit (Hindi tamang <ref> tag; walang binigay na teksto para sa refs na may pangalang sarnold); $2
  4. "President Obama, the Democratic Party, and Socialism: A Political Science Perspective". The Huffington Post. June 29, 2012. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong March 24, 2019. Nakuha noong January 9, 2015.
  5. Hale, John (1995). The Making of the New Democrats. New York: Political Science Quarterly. pa. 229.
  6. Dewan, Shaila; Kornblut, Anne E. (October 30, 2006). "In Key House Races, Democrats Run to the Right". The New York Times. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong July 27, 2019. Nakuha noong January 28, 2017.
  7. Stein, Letita; Cornwell, Susan; Tanfani, Joseph (August 23, 2018). "Inside the progressive movement roiling the Democratic Party". Reuters. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong June 13, 2022. Nakuha noong June 13, 2022.
  8. Ball, Molly. "The Battle Within the Democratic Party". The Atlantic. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong June 12, 2018. Nakuha noong January 28, 2017.
  9. Chotiner, Isaac (March 2, 2020). "How Socialist Is Bernie Sanders?". The New Yorker (sa wikang Ingles). Nakuha noong February 14, 2021.
  10. Bacon, Perry Jr. (March 11, 2019). "The Six Wings Of The Democratic Party". FiveThirtyEight.
  11. M. Philip Lucas, "Martin Van Buren as Party Leader and at Andrew Jackson's Right Hand." in A Companion to the Antebellum Presidents 1837–1861 (2014): 107–129.
  12. "The Democratic Party, founded in 1828, is the world's oldest political party" states Kenneth Janda; Jeffrey M. Berry; Jerry Goldman (2010). The Challenge of Democracy: American Government in Global Politics. Cengage Learning. pa. 276. ISBN 9780495906186.
  13. Michael Kazin, What It Took to Win: A History of the Democratic Party (2022) pp 5, 12.
  14. Herndon, Astead W. (2021-02-21). "Democrats' Big Tent Helped Them Win. Now It Threatens Biden's Agenda". The New York Times (sa wikang Ingles). ISSN 0362-4331. Nakuha noong 2022-08-23.
  15. Zengerle, Jason; Metz, Justin (2022-06-29). "The Vanishing Moderate Democrat". The New York Times (sa wikang Ingles). ISSN 0362-4331. Nakuha noong 2022-07-20. Sipi: Over the last decade, the Democratic Party has moved significantly to the left on almost every salient political issue... on social, cultural and religious issues, particularly those related to criminal justice, race, abortion and gender identity, the Democrats have taken up ideological stances that many of the college-educated voters who now make up a sizable portion of the party’s base cheer...
  16. Allott, Daniel (2020-11-14). "Biden could lose Georgia Senate races all by himself". The Hill (sa wikang Ingles). Nakuha noong 2020-11-16.
  17. Lelkes, Yphtach; Sniderman, Paul M. (2016). "The Ideological Asymmetry of the American Party System". British Journal of Political Science (sa wikang Ingles). 46 (4): 825–844. doi:10.1017/S0007123414000404. ISSN 0007-1234.
  18. Gidron, Noam; Ziblatt, Daniel (2019-05-11). "Center-Right Political Parties in Advanced Democracies". Annual Review of Political Science (sa wikang Ingles). 22 (1): 17–35. doi:10.1146/annurev-polisci-090717-092750. ISSN 1094-2939. S2CID 182421002. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong 2020-02-26. Nakuha noong 2022-08-28.
  19. Grossman, Matt; Hopkins, David A. (2016). Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190626594.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-062659-4.
  20. Bicknell, John (2015). America 1844: Religious Fervor, Westward Expansion, and the Presidential Election that Transformed the Nation. Chicago Review Press. pa. 185. ISBN 9781613730102. Sipi: In one sentence, Polk enlisted the aid of every senior Democrat in the campaign and squelched the usual Whig complaints about "King Andrew" and the Democrats' abuses of executive power.

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Maling banggit (May <ref> tag na ang grupong "lower-alpha", pero walang nakitang <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag para rito); $2