Pangulo ng Pilipinas

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Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Flag of the President of the Philippines.svg
Seal of the President of the Philippines.svg
PresidentRodrigoRoaDuterte.jpg
Kasalukuyan
Rodrigo Roa Duterte

mula noong Hunyo 30, 2016
EstiloGinoong Pangulo (impormal) His Excellency (lalaki)
TirahanPalasyo ng Malakanyang
(opisyal)
LuklukanMaynila
Haba ng terminoAnim na taon
hindi na maaaring ipahaba pa
Instrumentong nagtatagSaligang Batas ng Pilipinas ng 1987
Tagapaghawak ng
Pagpasinaya
Emilio Aguinaldo
(opisyal)a
Manuel L. Quezon
(de jure)b
Itinatag23 Enero 1899
(opisyal)[1]a
15 Nobyembre 1935
(de jure)[2]b
DiputadoPangalawang Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Websitepresident.gov.ph

Ang Pangulo ng Pilipinas ang pinakamataas na pinuno ng Republika ng Pilipinas. Pinamumunuan ng pangulo ang tagapagpaganap na sangay ng pamahalaan, na kinabibilangan ng Gabinete, at siya rin ang Púnong Tagautos sa Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas.

Isinasaad sa saligang-batas (1987) na ang pangulo ay nararapat na may gulang na 40 taon pataas, mamamayang Pilipino mula kapanganakan, at nakatirá sa Pilipinas nang may sampung taon bago ang halalan. Agarang ihahalal ng mga Pilipino ang mananalo sa halalan kung siya ang may pinakamalaking bílang ng boto. Magsisilbi ang pangulo ng isang termino sa loob ng anim na taon at hindi na makatatakbo muli para sa muling pagkakahalal, maliban kung siya ay umangat sa pagkapangulo sa paraang sumusunod sa saligang-batas at sa gayon ay nanungkulan nang hindi hihigit sa apat na taon bílang pangulo.

Panunumpa[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Sa ilalim ng Artikulo VII, Seksiyon 5 ng Saligang Batas, bago makapagsimula ang Pangulo sa pagtupad ng kanyang katungkulan ng kanyang tanggapan, dapat magsagawa ng Pangulo ang sumusunod na panunumpa o pagpapatotoo:

Ang mga pangulo ng Pilipinas[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Ang Pilipinas ay nagkaroon na ng labing-anim na mga pangulo. Sa kabila ng pagkakaiba sa saligang-batas at ng pamahalaan, itinuturing na walang hinto ang pagkasunod-sunod ng mga pangulo. Halimbawa, ang kasalukuyang pangulo, si Rodrigo Duterte, ay itinuturing na panglabing-anim na pangulo.

Habang kinikilala ng Pilipinas si Aguinaldo bilang unang pangulo, hindi siya kinilala ng ibang bansa dahil bumagsak ang Unang Republika sa ilalim ng Estados Unidos pagkatapos ng Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano. Si Manuel L. Quezon ang kinilala bilang unang pangulo (at ang una na nanalo sa halalan, hinirang lamang si Aguinaldo) ng Estados Unidos at pandaigdig na kapisanang pangdiplomasya at pampulitika.

Nagkaroon ng dalawang pangulo ang Pilipinas sa isang punto sa panahon ng Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig na kumakatawan sa dalawang pamahalaan. Isa ay kay Quezon na kumakatawan sa pamahalaang komonwelt at ang isa ay kay Jose Laurel na kumakatawan sa pamahalaang itinaguyod ng mga Hapones.

Talaan ng mga Pangulo ng Pilipinas[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Legend

Ang mga kulay ay nagpapahiwatig ng kanilang partidong pulitikal o apilyasiyon.

1899–1901: Unang Republika[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Pangulo ng Unang Republika ng Pilipinas[3]
Blg.
pangkalahatan
Blg.
pangyugto
Larawan Pangalan
(Kapanganakan-Kamatayan)
Nagsimula Nagtapos Termino[n 1] Partido Pangalawang Pangulo Sang.
1 1 Emilio Aguinaldo    Emilio Aguinaldo
(1869–1964)
Enero 23, 1899[n 2] Marso 23, 1901[n 3][n 4] 1
(1899)
Magdalo None[n 5] [7]

1935–1946: Komonwelt[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Pangulo ng Komonwelt ng Pilipinas[3]
Blg.
pangkalahatan
Blg.
pangyugto
Larawan Pangalan
(Kapanganakan-Kamatayan)
Nagsimula Nagtapos Termino[n 1] Partido Pangalawang Pangulo Sang.
2 1 Manuel L. Quezon    Manuel L. Quezon
(1878–1944)
Nobyembre 15, 1935 Agosto 1, 1944[n 6] 2
(1935)
Nacionalista    Sergio Osmeña [9]
3
(1941)
Bakante[n 7]
4[n 8] 2 Sergio Osmeña    Sergio Osmeña
(1878–1961)
Agosto 1, 1944 Mayo 28, 1946[n 9] Nacionalista [12]
5 3 Manuel Roxas    Manuel Roxas
(1892–1948)
Mayo 28, 1946 Abril 15, 1948[n 10] 5
(1946)
Liberal    Elpidio Quirino [14]

1943–1945: Ikalawang Republika[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Pangulo ng Ikalawang Republika ng Pilipinas[3]
Blg.
pangkalahatan
Blg.
pangyugto
Larawan Pangalan
(Kapanganakan-Kamatayan)
Nagsimula Nagtapos Termino[n 1] Partido Pangalawang Pangulo Sang.
3 1 José P. Laurel    José P. Laurel
(1891–1959)
Oktubre 14, 1943[n 11] Agosto 17, 1945[n 12][n 4] 4
(1943)
KALIBAPI[n 13] Wala[n 14] [19]

1946–1973: Ikatlong Republika[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Pangulo ng Ikatlong Republika ng Pilipinas[3]
Blg.
pangkalahatan
Blg.
pangyugto
Larawan Pangalan
(Kapanganakan-Kamatayan)
Nagsimula Nagtapos Termino[n 1] Partido Pangalawang Pangulo Sang.
5 1 Manuel Roxas    Manuel Roxas
(1892–1948)
Mayo 28, 1946 Abril 15, 1948[n 10] 5
(1946)
Liberal    Elpidio Quirino [14]
6 2 Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino
(1890–1956)
Abril 17, 1948 Disyembre 30, 1953 Liberal Bakante[n 7]
April 17, 1948 –
December 30, 1949
[21]
   6
(1949)
   Fernando Lopez
December 30, 1949 –
December 30, 1953
7 3 Ramon Magsaysay    Ramon Magsaysay
(1907–1957)
Disyembre 30, 1953 Marso 17, 1957[n 15] 7
(1953)
Nacionalista    Carlos P. Garcia [24]
8 4 Carlos P. Garcia Carlos P. Garcia
(1896–1957)
Marso 18, 1957 Disyembre 30, 1961 Nacionalista Vacant[n 7]
March 18, 1957 –
December 30, 1957
[25]
   8
(1957)
   Diosdado Macapagal
December 30, 1957 –
December 30, 1961
9 5 Diosdado Macapagal    Diosdado Macapagal
(1910–1997)
Disyembre 30, 1961 Disyembre 30, 1965 9
(1961)
Liberal    Emmanuel Pelaez [26]
10 6 Ferdinand E. Marcos    Ferdinand E. Marcos
(1917–1989)
Disyembre 30, 1965 Pebrero 25, 1986[n 16] 10
(1965)
Nacionalista    Fernando Lopez
December 30, 1965 –
September 23, 1972
[n 17]
[27]
   11[n 18][n 19]
(1969)
   12[n 20]
(1981)
KBL None[v][n 21]
September 23, 1972 –
February 25, 1986

1981–1987: Ika-apat na Republika[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Mga Pangulo ng Ika-apat na Republika ng Pilipinas[3][n 22]
Blg.
pangkalahatan
Blg.
pangyugto
Larawan Pangalan
(Kapanganakan-Kamatayan)
Nagsimula Nagtapos Termino[n 1] Partido Pangalawang Pangulo Sang.
10 1 Ferdinand E. Marcos    Ferdinand E. Marcos
(1917–1989)
Disyembre 30, 1965 Pebrero 25, 1986[n 16] 10
(1965)
Nacionalista    Fernando Lopez
December 30, 1965 –
September 23, 1972
[n 17]
[27]
   11[n 18][n 19]
(1969)
   12[n 20]
(1981)
KBL None[v][n 21]
September 23, 1972 –
February 25, 1986
11 2 Corazon C. Aquino    Corazon C. Aquino
(1933–2009)
Pebrero 25, 1986[n 23] Hunyo 30, 1992 13
(1986)
UNIDO    Salvador H. Laurel [31]

1987–kasalukuyan: Ikalimang Republika[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Mga Pangulo ng Ikalimang Republika ng Pilipinas[3][n 24]
Blg.
pangkalahatan
Blg.
pangyugto
Larawan Pangalan
(Kapanganakan-Kamatayan)
Nagsimula Nagtapos Termino[n 1] Partido Pangalawang Pangulo Sang.
11 1 Corazon C. Aquino    Corazon C. Aquino
(1933–2009)
Pebrero 25, 1986[n 23] Hunyo 30, 1992 13
(1986)
UNIDO    Salvador H. Laurel [31]
12 2 Fidel V. Ramos    Fidel V. Ramos
(1928–)
Hunyo 30, 1992 Hunyo 30, 1998 14
(1992)
Lakas-NUCD    Joseph Ejercito Estrada [33]
13 3 Joseph Ejercito Estrada    Joseph Ejercito Estrada
(1937–)
Hunyo 30, 1998 Enero 20, 2001[n 25][n 4] 15
(1998)
LAMP    Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo [35]
14 4 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo    Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(1947–)
January 20, 2001 June 30, 2010 KAMPI
Lakas-CMD
Vacant[n 7]
January 20, 2001 –
February 7, 2001
[36]
      Teofisto Guingona Jr.
February 7, 2001 –
June 30, 2004
   16
(2004)
   Manuel de Castro
June 30, 2004 –
June 30, 2010
15 5 Benigno S. Aquino III    Benigno S. Aquino III
(1960–2021)
Hunyo 30, 2010 Hunyo 30, 2016 17
(2010)
Liberal    Jejomar C. Binay [37]
16 6 Rodrigo Duterte    Rodrigo Roa Duterte
(1945–)
Hunyo 30, 2016 18
(2016)
PDP–Laban    Maria Leonor G. Robredo
[38]

Sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. "Emilio Aguinaldo". Official Gazette of the Philippine Government. Marso 22, 2011.
  2. Guevara, Sulpico, pat. (2005). The laws of the first Philippine Republic (the laws of Malolos) 1898–1899. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library (inilathala noong 1972). Nakuha noong Enero 10, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Presidential Museum and Library. "Philippine Presidents". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  4. Agoncillo & Guerrero 1970, p. 281
  5. National Historical Commission of the Philippines (September 7, 2012). "The First Philippine Republic". Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 17, 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Office of the Vice President". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 21, 2016.
  7. Presidential Museum and Library. "Emilio Aguinaldo". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  8. Tejero, Constantino C. (November 8, 2015). "The real Manuel Luis Quezon, beyond the posture and bravura". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Philippine Daily Inquirer, Inc. Nakuha noong June 16, 2016.
  9. Presidential Museum and Library. "Manuel L. Quezon". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  10. Maling banggit (Hindi tamang <ref> tag; walang binigay na teksto para sa refs na may pangalang 1987con2); $2
  11. The 1935 Constitution:
  12. Presidential Museum and Library. "Sergio Osmeña". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  13. no by-line. (April 16, 1948). "Heart Attack Fatal to Philippine Pres. Roxas". Schenectady Gazette. Nakuha noong June 16, 2016.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Presidential Museum and Library. "Manuel Roxas". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Jose, Ricardo T. "His Excellency Jose P. Laurel, President of the Second Philippine Republic: Speeches, Messages and Statements". Official Gazette. Author. Nakuha noong June 18, 2016.
  16. Agoncillo & Guerrero 1970, p. 415
  17. 17.0 17.1 "The Executive Branch". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 18, 2016.
  18. "Today is the birth anniversary of President Jose P. Laurel". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 18, 2016.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Presidential Museum and Library. "Jose P. Laurel". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  20. "The 1943 Constitution". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 22, 2016.
  21. Presidential Museum and Library. "Elpidio Quirino". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  22. no by-line. (March 18, 1957). "Magsaysay Dead in Plane Crash". St. Petersburg Times. Times Publishing Company. Nakuha noong June 16, 2016.
  23. Presidential Museum and Library. "Death Anniversary of President Ramon Magsaysay". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 16, 2016.
  24. Presidential Museum and Library. "Ramon Magsaysay". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  25. Presidential Museum and Library. "Carlos P. Garcia". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  26. Presidential Museum and Library. "Diosdado Macapagal". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 Presidential Museum and Library. "Ferdinand E. Marcos". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 "Declaration of Martial Law". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 18, 2016.
  29. 29.0 29.1 "Third Republic". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  30. "1973 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 21, 2016.
  31. 31.0 31.1 Presidential Museum and Library. "Corazon C. Aquino". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  32. "Philippine Constitutions". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 25, 2016.
  33. Presidential Museum and Library. "Fidel V. Ramos". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  34. Calica, Aurea (January 21, 2001). "SC: People's welfare is the supreme law". The Philippine Star. Nakuha noong June 18, 2016.
  35. Presidential Museum and Library. "Joseph Ejercito Estrada". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  36. Presidential Museum and Library. "Gloria Macapagal Arroyo". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  37. Presidential Museum and Library. "Benigno S. Aquino III". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Nakuha noong June 15, 2016.
  38. Staff (May 30, 2016). "Congress proclaims Duterte president-elect, Robredo vice president-elect". CNN Philippines. Nine Media Corporation. Nakuha noong June 26, 2016.

Tingnan din[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. Si Emilio Aguinaldo ay dapat na nabilang na ikalawang pangulo kung nanalo siya sa eleksyon noong 1935 dahil ang pagkapangulo ay pinawalang-bisa at nanatiling buwag hanggang Nobyembre 15, 1935. Noong panahon na iyon, and kapangyarihan ng tagapagpaganap ay pinaiiral ng Gobernador-Heneral ng Pamahalaang Pangkapuluan na inihanda ng Estados Unidos, bago itinatag ang Komonwelt ng Pilipinas.[4]
  2. The Malolos Constitution was approved by the Malolos Congress on January 20, 1899, sanctioned by Aguinaldo on January 21, and promulgated on January 22 (see items 27 and 27a in Guevara 1972). The republic was proclaimed on January 23 (see items 28, 28a and 28b in Guevara 1972).
  3. Aguinaldo would take the oath of alleagiance to the U.S. nine days later, effectively ending the First Philippine Republic.[5]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Accounts differ on when martial law was officially established. While sources such Raymond Bonner wrote that Proclamation No. 1081 was signed on September 23, the Bangkok Post said that it was on September 17, only postdated to September 21 because of Marcos' numerological beliefs that were related to the number seven. Marcos claimed to have signed it on September 21, and as of 9 p.m. on September 22, the country was under martial law. He formally announced it in a live television and radio broadcast on September 23. The official date when martial law was set was on September 21 (because it was a date that was divisible by seven) but September 23 is generally considered because it was when the nation was informed and thus the law was put into full effect.[28]
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 On January 17, 1973, while martial law was still in effect, the 1973 Constitution was ratified, which suspended the 1935 Constitution and ended the Third Republic. What Marcos called a "New Society" (Bagong Lipunan) began and introduced a parliamentary form of government; the vice presidency was abolished and the presidential succession provision was devolved to the prime minister.[6][29]


Maling banggit (May <ref> tag na ang grupong "n", pero walang nakitang <references group="n"/> tag para rito); $2