Punong Mahistrado ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas

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Ang artikulong ito ay bahagi ng seryeng:
Politika at pamahalaan ng
Pilipinas

Ang Punong Mahistrado ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas ang nangunguna sa Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas at ang pinakamataas na opisyal ng hustisya sa pamahalaan ng Pilipinas. Ang kasalukuyang Punong Mahistrado ay si Diosdado Peralta, na itinalaga ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte noong Oktubre 23, 2019.

Katungkulan[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Ang kapangyarihan upang magtalaga ng Punong Mahistrado ay nakasalalay sa Pangulo, kung saan siya ay pipili sa talaan ng tatlong nominado na ginawa ng Judicial and Bar Council. Wala halos pinagkaiba ang proseso ng pagpili ng isang Punong Mahistrado mula sa pagpili ng mga Kasamang Mahistrado. Gaya rin ng ibang Mahistardo ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman, walang limitasyong ang termino ng Punong Hukom, maliban na lamang kapag umabot sa ika-70 ang gulang, ay sapilitang itong magreretiro.

Talaan ng mga naging Punong Mahistrado[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

List[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Portraits of the chief justices at the Supreme Court Building
The chief justice's judicial chambers
Reception room for the Office of the Chief Justice
Numero. Larawan Punong Mahistrado Panunungkilan Itinalaga ni Pinagaralan ng Batas Dating Posisyion
1 Cayetano Arellano.jpg Cayetano Arellano
(1847–1920)
June 15, 1901 – April 12, 1920
(18 taon, 302 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
William McKinley UST Pangulo of the
Korte Suprema
(1899–1901)
2 Victorino Mapa.jpg Victorino Mapa
(1855–1927)
July 1, 1920 – October 31, 1921
(1 taon, 122 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Woodrow Wilson Kalihim ng Katanungan
(1913–1920)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1901–1913)
3 Manuel Araullo.jpg Manuel Araullo
(1853–1924)
November 1, 1921 – July 26, 1924
(2 taon, 268 araw)
(Pumanaw)
Warren G. Harding Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1913–1921)
4 Ramon Avancena.jpg Ramon Avanceña
(1872–1957)
April 1, 1925 – December 24, 1941
(16 taon, 267 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Calvin Coolidge Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1917–1925)
5 Abad Santos.jpg Jose Abad Santos
(1886–1942)
December 24, 1941 – May 1, 19421
(128 araw)
(Namatay)
Manuel L. Quezon Northwestern Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1932–1941)
6 Yulo Jose.jpg Jose Yulo
(1894–1976)
January 26, 1942 – July 9, 1945
(3 taon, 164 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Masaharu Homma UP Speaker of the
National Assembly
(1939–1941)
7 Manuel Moran.jpg Manuel Moran
(1893–1961)
July 9, 1945 – March 20, 1951
(5 taon, 254 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Sergio Osmeña Escuela de Derecho Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1938–1945)
8 Ricardo Paras.jpg Ricardo Paras
(1891–1984)
April 2, 1951 – February 17, 1961
(9 taon, 321 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Elpidio Quirino UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1941–1951)
9 Cesar Bengzon.jpg Cesar Bengzon
(1896–1992)
April 28, 1961 – May 29, 1966
(5 taon, 31 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Carlos P. Garcia Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1945–1961)
10 Roberto Concepcion.jpg Roberto Concepcion
(1903–1987)
June 17, 1966 – April 18, 1973
(6 taon, 305 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Ferdinand Marcos UST Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1954–1966)
11 Querube Makalintal.jpg Querube Makalintal
(1910–2002)
October 21, 1973 – December 22, 1975
(2 taon, 62 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1962–1973)
12 Fred Ruiz Castro.jpg Fred Ruiz Castro
(1914–1979)
January 5, 1976 – April 19, 1979
(3 taon, 104 araw)
(Pumanaw sa Panununhgkulan)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1966–1976)
13 Enrique Fernando.jpg Enrique Fernando
(1915–2004)
July 2, 1979 – July 24, 1985
(6 taon, 22 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1967–1979)
14 Felix Makasiar.jpg Felix Makasiar
(1915–1992)
July 25, 1985 – November 19, 1985
(117 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Supremat
(1970–1985)
15 Ramon Aquino.jpg Ramon Aquino
(1917–1993)
November 20, 1985 – March 6, 1987
(1 taon, 106 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1973–1985)
16 Caludio Teehankee.jpg Claudio Teehankee
(1918–1989)
April 2, 1987 – April 18, 1988
(1 taon, 16 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Corazon Aquino Ateneo Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1969–1987)
17 Pedro Yap.jpg Pedro Yap
(1918–2003)
April 19 – June 30, 1988
(72 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1986–1988)
18 Marcelo Fernan.jpg Marcelo Fernan
(1927–1999)
July 1, 1988 – December 6, 1991
(3 taon, 158 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1986–1988)
19 Andres Narvasa.jpg Andres Narvasa
(1928–2013)
December 8, 1991 – November 30, 1998
(6 taon, 357 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UST Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1986–1991)
20 Scphil999jf (cropped).JPG Hilario Davide Jr.
(born 1935)
November 30, 1998 – December 20, 2005
(7 taon, 20 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Joseph Estrada UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1991–1998)
21 Artemio Panganiban.jpg Artemio Panganiban
(born 1936)
December 20, 2005 – December 7, 2006
(352 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo FEU Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1995–2005)
22 Reynato Puno.jpg Reynato Puno
(born 1940)
December 7, 2006 – May 17, 2010
(3 taon, 161 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1993–2006)
23 Renato Corona official portrait.jpg Renato Corona
(1948–2016)
May 17, 2010 – May 29, 20122 3
(2 taon, 12 araw)
(Pinatalsik)
Ateneo Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2002–2010)
Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno.jpg Maria Lourdes Sereno
(born 1960)
August 25, 2012 – May 11, 20183 4
(5 taon, 259 araw)
(De facto Chief Justice,
appointment null and void ab initio)
Benigno Aquino III UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2010–2012)
24 CJ-Decastro-2018.jpg Teresita de Castro
(born 1948)
August 28 – October 10, 20183 5
(43 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Rodrigo Duterte Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2007–2018)
25 Bersamin in robes.jpg Lucas Bersamin
(born 1949)
Nobyembre 28, 2018Oktubre 18, 2019
(326 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UE Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2009–2018)
26 Diosdado Peralta
(born 1952)
October 23, 2019 – March 27, 2021
(1 taon, 155 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
UST Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2009–2019)
27 Alexander Gesmundo
(born 1956)
Abril 5, 2021 – present
(1 taon, 174 araw)
Ateneo Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2017–2021)
^1 José Abad Santos was unable to preside over the Supreme Court due to the outbreak of World War II.
^2 Renato Corona was impeached on December 12, 2011, and convicted on May 29, 2012, removing him from office.
^3 Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio served as acting chief justice after the Impeachment of Renato Corona from May 30, 2012 to August 25, 2012[1] and after the removal of Maria Lourdes Sereno via quo warranto proceedings from May 14, 2018 to August 25, 2018.
^4 Maria Lourdes Sereno was removed on May 11, 2018 via quo warranto by a special en banc session; the petition alleged Sereno's appointment was void ab initio due to her failure in complying with the requirements of the Judicial and Bar Council. Hence her entire term as chief justice is considered a de facto tenure;[2] legally void since the ouster of her predecessor. Sereno filed an ad cautelam motion for reconsideration pleading for the reversal of the decision on May 31, 2018, but on June 19, 2018 was denied with finality (meaning no further pleading shall be entertained, as well as for the immediate entry for judgment) for lack of merit.[3]
^5 As a result of Republic v. Sereno, Maria Lourdes Sereno is no longer considered the 24th chief justice of the Philippines, as the court ruled that her appointment was never legal but null and void ab initio. Thus, on August 25, 2018, Teresita de Castro was appointed by President Rodrigo Duterte as the new de jure and 24th chief justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.

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Timeline[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Tingnan din[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Mga Panlabas na Kawing[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

Sanggunian[i-edit | i-edit ang source]

  1. "Carpio is acting chief justice under SC order". Philippine Daily Inquirer. May 30, 2012. Nakuha noong May 30, 2012.
  2. "G.R. No. 237428. May 11, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. May 11, 2018. Tinago mula sa orihinal (PDF) noong June 20, 2018. Nakuha noong May 11, 2018.
  3. "G.R. No. 237428. June 19, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. June 19, 2018. Tinago mula sa orihinal (PDF) noong June 20, 2018. Nakuha noong June 20, 2018.
  4. Updated daily according to UTC.