Punong Mahistrado ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas

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Ang artikulong ito ay bahagi ng seryeng:
Politika at pamahalaan ng
Pilipinas

Ang Punong Mahistrado ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas ang nangunguna sa Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas at ang pinakamataas na opisyal ng hustisya sa pamahalaan ng Pilipinas. Ang kasalukuyang Punong Mahistrado ay si Diosdado Peralta, na itinalaga ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte noong Oktubre 23, 2019.

Katungkulan[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Ang kapangyarihan upang magtalaga ng Punong Mahistrado ay nakasalalay sa Pangulo, kung saan siya ay pipili sa talaan ng tatlong nominado na ginawa ng Judicial and Bar Council. Wala halos pinagkaiba ang pagroseso ng pagpili ng isang Punong Mahistrado mula sa pagpili ng mga Kasamang Mahistrado. Gaya rin ng ibang Mahistardo ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman, walang limitasyong ang termino ng Punong Hukom, maliban na lamang kapag umabot sa ika-70 ang gulang, ay sapilitang itong magreretiro.

Talaan ng mga naging Punong Mahistrado[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Mga larawan ng mga Punong Mahistrado sa Gusali ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman.
Ang judicial chambers ng Punong Mahistrado
Reception room ng Opisina ng Punong Mahistrado.
Legend:

██ University of Santo Tomas ██ Northwestern University ██ University of the Philippines ██ Far Eastern University ██ Escuela de Derecho de Manila (Now Manila Law College) ██ Ateneo de Manila University ██ University of the East College of Law

The colors indicate the political party affiliation of each individual.

Key
Party English name Abbreviation
Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas Association for Service to the New Philippines KALIBAPI
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan New Society Movement KBL
Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses LAMMP
Lakas ng Tao–Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino–Christian Muslim Democrats People Power–Partner of the Free Filipino–Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas–Kampi–CMD
Lakas ng Tao–National Union of Christian Democrats People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats Lakas–NUCD
Liberal Party Liberal
Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party Nacionalista
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power PDP–Laban
United Nationalist Democratic Organization UNIDO
Non-partisan (Di-nauugnay)
Democratic Party (Di-nauugnay)
Republican Party GOP (other name)
# Pangalan Termino
(Time In Office)
Itinalaga ni
1 Cayetano Arellano June 11, 1901 – April 12, 1920
(&0000000000000018.00000018 mga taon, &0000000000000306.000000306 mga araw)
William McKinley Republican
2 Victorino Mapa July 1, 1920 – October 31, 1921
(&0000000000000001.0000001 taon, &0000000000000122.000000122 mga araw)
Woodrow Wilson Democratic
3 Manuel Araullo November 1, 1921 – July 26, 1924
(&0000000000000002.0000002 mga taon, &0000000000000268.000000268 mga araw)
Warren G. Harding Republican
4 Ramón Avanceña April 1, 1925 – December 24, 1941
(&0000000000000016.00000016 mga taon, &0000000000000267.000000267 mga araw)
Calvin Coolidge Republican
5 José Abad Santos1 December 24, 1941 – May 2, 1942
(&-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 mga taon, &0000000000000129.000000129 mga araw)
Manuel L. Quezon Nacionalista
6 José Yulo May 7, 1942 – July 9, 1945
(&0000000000000003.0000003 mga taon, &0000000000000063.00000063 mga araw)
Japanese Military Administration
7 Manuel Moran July 9, 1945 – March 20, 1951
(&0000000000000005.0000005 mga taon, &0000000000000254.000000254 mga araw)
Sergio Osmeña Nacionalista
8 Ricardo Paras April 2, 1951 – February 17, 1961
(&0000000000000009.0000009 mga taon, &0000000000000321.000000321 mga araw)
Elpidio Quirino Liberal
9 César Bengzon April 28, 1961 – May 29, 1966
(&0000000000000005.0000005 mga taon, &0000000000000031.00000031 mga araw)
Carlos P. Garcia Nacionalista
10 Roberto Concepcion June 17, 1966 – April 18, 1973
(&0000000000000006.0000006 mga taon, &0000000000000305.000000305 mga araw)
Ferdinand Marcos
11 Querube Makalintal October 21, 1973 – December 22, 1975
(&0000000000000002.0000002 mga taon, &0000000000000062.00000062 mga araw)
12 Fred Ruiz Castro January 5, 1976 – April 19, 1979
(&0000000000000003.0000003 mga taon, &0000000000000104.000000104 mga araw)
KBL
13 Enrique Fernando July 2, 1979 – July 24, 1985
(&0000000000000006.0000006 mga taon, &0000000000000022.00000022 mga araw)
14 Felix Makasiar July 25, 1985 – November 19, 1985
(&-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 mga taon, &0000000000000117.000000117 mga araw)
15 Ramon Aquino November 20, 1985 – March 6, 1987
(&0000000000000001.0000001 taon, &0000000000000106.000000106 mga araw)
16 Claudio Teehankee, Sr. April 2, 1987 – April 18, 1988
(&0000000000000001.0000001 taon, &0000000000000016.00000016 mga araw)
Corazon Aquino UNIDO
17 Pedro Yap April 19, 1988 – June 30, 1988
(&-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 mga taon, &0000000000000072.00000072 mga araw)
18 Marcelo Fernan July 1, 1988 – December 6, 1991
(&0000000000000003.0000003 mga taon, &0000000000000158.000000158 mga araw)
19 Andres Narvasa December 8, 1991 – November 30, 1998
(&0000000000000006.0000006 mga taon, &0000000000000357.000000357 mga araw)
20 Hilario Davide Jr. November 30, 1998 – December 20, 2005
(&0000000000000007.0000007 mga taon, &0000000000000020.00000020 mga araw)
Joseph Estrada LAMMP
21 Artemio Panganiban December 20, 2005 – December 7, 2006
(&-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 mga taon, &0000000000000351.000000351 mga araw)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Lakas
22 Reynato Puno December 8, 2006 – May 17, 2010
(&0000000000000003.0000003 mga taon, &0000000000000160.000000160 mga araw)
23 Renato Corona2 3 May 17, 2010 – May 29, 2012
(&0000000000000002.0000002 mga taon, &0000000000000012.00000012 mga araw)
Maria Lourdes Sereno3 4 August 25, 2012 – May 11, 2018
(&0000000000000005.0000005 mga taon, &0000000000000259.000000259 mga araw)
(de facto)
Benigno Aquino III Liberal
24 Teresita de Castro August 28, 2018 – October 10, 2018
(&-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 mga taon, &0000000000000043.00000043 mga araw)
Rodrigo Duterte PDP–Laban
25 Lucas Bersamin November 26, 2018 – October 18, 2019
(&-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 mga taon, &0000000000000324.000000324 mga araw)
26 Diosdado Peralta October 23, 2019 – present
(41 days)
^1 José Abad Santos was unable to preside over the Supreme Court due to the outbreak of World War II.
^2 Renato Corona was impeached on December 12, 2011, and convicted on May 29, 2012, removing him from office.
^3 Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio served as acting Chief Justice after the Impeachment of Renato Corona from May 30, 2012 to August 25, 2012[1] and after the removal of Maria Lourdes Sereno via quo warranto proceedings from May 14, 2018 to August 25, 2018.
^4 Maria Lourdes Sereno was removed on May 11, 2018 via quo warranto by a special en banc session; the petition alleged Sereno's appointment was void ab initio due to her failure in complying with the requirements of the Judicial and Bar Council. Hence her entire term as Chief Justice is considered a de facto tenure;[2] legally void since the ouster of her predecessor. Sereno filed an ad cautelam motion for reconsideration pleading for the reversal of the decision on May 31, 2018, but on June 19, 2018 was denied with finality (meaning no further pleading shall be entertained, as well as for the immediate entry for judgment) for lack of merit.[3]

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Timeline[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Tingnan din[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Mga Panlabas na Kawing[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Sanggunian[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. "Carpio is acting chief justice under SC order". Philippine Daily Inquirer. May 30, 2012. Nakuha noong May 30, 2012.
  2. "G.R. No. 237428. May 11, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. May 11, 2018. Nakuha noong May 11, 2018.
  3. "G.R. No. 237428. June 19, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. June 19, 2018. Nakuha noong June 20, 2018.
  4. Updated daily according to UTC.