Talaan ng mga pinuno ng estado noong 2015

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Africa[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Asia[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Europe[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

North America[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Oceania[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

South America[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Talababa[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

  1. Naging malaya lamang ang Eritrea noong 1993.
  2. Naging malaya ang South Sudan noong 2011.
  3. Nagong malaya ang Bahrain noong 1971.
  4. Naging malaya ang Brunei noong 1984.
  5. Si Hun Sen ay may titulong Ikalawang Punong Ministro noong 1993 hanggang 1998.
  6. Palestinian Authority renamed itself State of Palestine on 6 Jan 2013 (move not recognized by Israel). Do not confuse with State of Palestine proclaimed on 15 November 1988 by Palestinian National Council (PNC) in Algiers which remains a putative state, in fact ineffective despite partial international recognition.
  7. Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  8. Kim Jong-un was referred to as 'supreme leader' in 2011, and then appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission in 2012, having been the de facto leader of the country throughout.
  9. Naging malaya ang Uzbekistan noong 1991.
  10. Lataste's predecessor, Sylvie Hubac was relieved of her position on 31 December 2014 and Lataste was appointed on 5 January 2014 see https://www.bopa.ad/bopa/027002/Pagines/pn27002001.aspx and https://www.bopa.ad/bopa/027002/Pagines/pn27002002.aspx
  11. Naging malaya ang Montenegro noong 2006.
  12. The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the Pangulo ng the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  13. Pietro Parolin was archbishop and therefore only pro-secretary of state until 22 February 2014.

Panlabas na link[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]